2019年5月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • A little boy in South Carolina got to celebrate his birthday twice:After only one friend showed up to his birthday party,the local fire department decided to throw him another one. The City of Beaufort Fire Department shared the story of a party the fire department held for a local boy named Cooper,who was disappointed when only one of his classmates showed up to his 6th birthday party. But after a community member gave the local fire department a call, (76)the members were quick to come to his rescue. "We jumped on board and said we'll do whatever we can to make sure he has a great birthday and that more than one child shows up,"Beaufort firefighter Ross Vezin says."We made arrangements to pick him up from school along with his mom and brother,and we brought him to a bowling alley(保龄球场)along with a biker group.” The fire department was also able to bring nearly 75 other kids from school to celebrate alongside Cooper,whose mother,Nicoala Shiflet,said he has difficulty making friends because he suffers from autism(自闭症). “They had cake and presents and got to do some bowling,"Vezin continues,adding that the party came to be known as“Cooper's Birthday 2.0”. From riding in a fire truck to seeing the motorcycles from the biker group and even being welcomed by so many new friends, Cooper loved his celebration. And it won't be the last time that the little boy gets to hang out with the fire department responsible for it. “We're also going to have him up next week,"Vezin says."We're going to give him a fire department T-shirt and a tour of our fire station."

    1. Who did the most to make Cooper's second birthday party a great success?  

    AFirefighters from Beaufort Fire Department.  

    BMen from the biker group.  

    CCommunity members.  

    DCooper's parents.  

  • 2. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the passage?  

    A About 75 kids showed up at Cooper's second birthday party.  

    B Cooper's mother and brother were at his second birthday party.  

    C Those joining the second birthday party did some bowling.  

    DCooper got a T-shirt from the fire department at his second birthday party.  

  • 3. The phrase have him up in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to()  

    Ainvite him as a guest  

    Bmeet him by chance  

    Ctake care of him  

    D make friends with him  

  • 4. Only one kid went to Cooper's first birthday party because()  

    A Cooper was not good at making friends  

    B other kids were busy with their classes then  

    C Cooper liked to play with grown-ups  

    D Cooper didn't invite his classmates  

  • 5. We learn from the passage that Cooper was ()the second birthday party.  

    Adisappointed with

    Bsatisfied with  

    Cfrightened by

    Dangry about  

  • On July 20,1969,Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. The spacesuit Armstrong wore on his mission has come to symbolize courage and human achievement. In 1971, the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum (NASM) acquired Armstrong's suit. It stood proudly on display for visitors to admire, until there were changes in the suit's appearance."Over time,the suit started to show signs of deterioration (变坏),”Lisa Young says. She works at NASM and her job is to preserve historical and cultural treasures. Plastics are tricky to preserve. They tend to degrade (降解) over time. Neoprene is one type of plastic in Armstrong's suit. The material can turn brittle and break into tiny pieces. (77) This would ruin the spacesuit. NASM, seeking ways to preserve this historical treasure, removed it from display in 2006. Yet history can still be saved. Sunlight, water, humidity, and dust can cause plastics to degrade. Scientists have found that storing plastics in cooler temperatures, with lower humidity levels,can slow degradation.Young says Armstrong's suit is currently in storage at a temperature of 63°F and a lower relative humidity of 30%6.These conditions will be maintained when Armstrong's suit returns to a museum display casein time for this year's 50th anniversary(周年纪念日)of the moon landing. Plastic degradation affects art,too.Artist Claes Oldenburg created False Food Selection in 1966.(78)It consists of plastic food displayed in a wooden box. The plastic food used to look real. Now, some of it has flattened and yellowed. The artwork's wooden box produces an acidic gas that eats away at the plastic,which speeds up the degradation process.But Young is motivated to preserve this artwork and others like it."Plastics are a part of our history,"she says. “It’s important to preserve them so that future generations can understand the journey we've taken.”

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    ALanding on the Moon

    BPreserving Plastics  

    CNeil Armstrong's Spacesuit

    DApplication of Plastics  

  • 7. The word brittle in Paragraph 2 probably means()  

    Awell established  

    Bheavily loaded  

    Ceasily upset  

    Deasily broken  

  • 8. In 2006,NASM removed Armstrong's spacesuit from display to()  

    Aput it on sale  

    Breturn it to Armstrong  

    Cgive it to another museum  

    Dlook for ways to preserve it  

  • 9. In Claes Oldenburg's False Food Selection,the wooden box()the plastic degradation.
      

    Aslows down  

    Bleads to  

    Caccelerates  

    D doesn't play any role in  

  • 10. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    A Sunlight, water and dust contribute to plastic degradation.  

    BArmstrong's spacesuit is currently on public display at NASM. 

    CNASM acquired Armstrong's spacesuit in 1971.  

    DClaes Oldenburg is an artist.  

  • There was once a tree in South Africa so wide that it could fit 60 people inside its hollow trunk. The tree reached 62 feet into the sky. It was more than 1,100 years old. But recently, that tree and others like it have died.(79)Scientists are wondering why. The tree was a baobab.A baobab looks like a giant oak (橡树) turned upside down. Its branches resemble roots reaching toward the sky. It grows in Africa and is called the Tree of Life. Baobab trees tend to live a long time.One of the oldest stood for more than 2,400 years. Various baobabs have been used as a shop,a prison,a house,and a bus shelter. In 2005,scientists began a survey to determine the age of more than 60 baobabs.(80)During the process,they noticed that several of the trees had died. Their results, recently published in Nature Plants,show that nine of the 13 oldest baobab trees and five out of six of the largest died in the 12-year study period. Stephan Woodborne conducted the baobab study with six other scientists. They say more research is needed to know why the trees died,but they think climate change may be to blame. That's because the trees showed no evidence of disease.Plus,many were in national parks,so they would have been protected from human harm. Also, Woodborne says, the most affected baobabs are on the outer edge of their ideal habitat(栖息地).Increasing heat and shifting rainy seasons have made it harder for baobabs in these areas to thrive. Smaller and younger baobabs are dying too.“The big ones and the old ones caught the attention of the media,"Woodborne says."But it's not just those.It's unprecedented(空前的)that they should be dying across the age spectrum. We've got to do a reality check on our own footprints in terms of the way we live our lives.If we all changed what we did a little bit, it would start to make a difference."

    11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    ADie-off of Africa's Baobabs  

    B National Parks in Africa  

    CAfrican Rainy Seasons  

    DStrange-looking Baobabs  

  • 12. The baobab study lasted()  

    A6 years

    B9years  

    C12 years

    D13 years  

  • 13. According to Stephan Woodborne,the baobab trees died mainly because of()  

    Ahuman damage

    Bdisease  

    Cclimate change

    Dthe attack of insects  

  • 14. The word spectrum in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to()  

    Apoint

    Brange

    Cedge

    Dteam  

  • 15. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    AFurther research is needed to know why the Baobabs died.  

    BBaobab trees can live a long time.  

    CThe researchers found that only old baobab trees died.  

    DThe baobab study involved more than 60 baobabs.  

  • 1. The old man got into the()of storing money under the bed.  

    Ahabit  

    Btradition  

    Cuse  

    Dcustom  

  • 2. She is so()that she cried for days when her pet cat died.  

    Asensible

    Bsensitive

    Cimaginative

    Dimpressive  

  • 3. They made a great effort to prepare the exhibition,()to achieve a big success.  

    Ahoped

    Bhoping

    Dhope

    Cto hope  

  • 4. I have been looking for this book for several weeks,and()I have found it.  

    Aat least  

    Bin no time  

    Cat last  

    Dat present  

  • 5. Thousands of people()the funeral.  

    Acared  

    Battended  

    Cdevoted  

    Dappeared  

  • 6. I'm afraid you have no()but to come along with us.  

    Apossibility

    Bpermission

    Cchoice

    Dselection  

  • 7. No matter how(),it is not necessarily lifeless.  

    Aa desert may be dry  

    Bdry may a desert be  

    Cmay a desert be dry  

    Ddry a desert may be  

  • 8. The girl glanced over her shoulder and found herself()by a young man in black.  

    Awas followed  

    Bhad been followed  

    Cfollowing  

    Dfollowed  

  • 9. When you have kids,you won't have time to go to parties() 

    Afurther  

    Bstill more  

    Canymore  

    Dno more  

  • 10. They hid themselves()a tree.  

    Aoff  

    Bafter  

    Cbehind  

    Dbefore  

  • 11. The protests were not()to New York.  

    Abalanced  

    Bended  

    Climited  

    Dattended  

  • 12. He has never recovered from the()of his brother's death.  

    Aaim

    Bshock

    Cplan

    Dopinion  

  • 13. The room was so quiet that she could hear the()of her heart.  

    Ahitting  

    Bbeating  

    Ctapping  

    Dknocking  

  • 14. This watch is()to all the other watches in the store.  

    Asuperior  

    Badvantageous  

    Csuper  

    Dbeneficial  

  • 15. The()of the valley was very wet.  

    Ahead  

    Bbasis  

    Ctop  

    Dbottom  

  • 16. The sun()in the east.  

    Arises  

    Braises  

    Cincreases  

    Dgoes  

  • 17. —Do you enjoy your present job?   —().I just do it for a living.
      

    AOf course  

    BNot really  

    CNot likely  

    DNot a little  

  • 18. They()have arrived at lunchtime but their flight was delayed.  

    Awill  

    Bcan  

    Cmust  

    Dshould  

  • 19. After dinner the minister made a short()to the guests.  

    Adelivery  

    Bspeech  

    Cpronunciation  

    Dconversation  

  • 20. Jean is one of those modern girls who always()the latest fashions.  

    Aput up with

    Bcome up with  

    Ckeep up with

    Dget along with  

  • 21. Peter is going to a lake()he can fish with his friends.  

    Awhich  

    Bhere  

    Cwhere  

    Dthere  

  • 22. They()into the dormitory already.  

    Ahave moved

    Bmoving  

    Cmove

    Dhaving moved  

  • 23. Everyone is getting old,but you look()than ever.  

    Ayounger  

    Byoungest  

    Cthe youngest  

    Dyoung  

  • 24. ()he walked,he looked carefully at the ice in front of him.  

    AIf  

    BAs  

    CSince  

    DWhether  

  • 25. At about twelve o'clock,the man decided()to eat his lunch.  

    Abeing stopped

    Bstopping  

    Cto be stopped

    Dto stop  

  • 26. He threw stones at the birds but could not hit()  

    Ahim  

    Bher  

    Cit  

    Dthem  

  • 27. Becoming()American citizen takes a lot of work.  

    A/

    Ban

    Ca

    Dthe  

  • 28. She was the only member of her family()spoke English.  

    Athat  

    Bwhom  

    Cwhat  

    Dwhich  

  • 29. The police officers in our city work hard()the rest of us can live a safe life.  

    Ain case  

    Bas if  

    Cin order that  

    Donly if  

  • 30. If you()smoke,please go outside.  

    Acan

    Bshould

    Cmust

    Dmay  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I used to swam in high school,but I don't have time now.  

    Aswam  

    Bhigh school  

    C don't have  

    Dnow  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I hope the weather must be sunny Friday.  

    Ahope  

    Bthe weather  

    Cmust  

    Dsunny  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Jim sold most of his things.He has hardly nothing left in the house.  

    Asold  

    Bhis things  

    Cnothing  

    Din  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:We tried hard,and eventually,we were able to get Mike lent us his car just for a day.  

    Atried  

    Beventually  

    Cwere  

    Dlent  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:He doesn't want to spend many time shopping in New York.  

    A doesn't want  

    Bmany  

    C shopping  

    Din  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:If he were more experienced,I will vote for him.  

    Ahe  

    B experienced  

    Cwill  

    Dvote for  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Taking a train is most comfortable than taking an airplane.  

    A Taking a train  

    Bmost  

    Cthan  

    Dan  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be three times as bigger as the present one.  

    Abeing built  

    Bwill be  

    Cbigger  

    D the present  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After the long journey,the three of them went back home,hungry and tiredly.  

    AAfter  

    Bthe three of  

    Cwent back  

    Dtiredly  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Surprising and happy,Tony stood up and accepted the prize.  

    ASurprising  

    Bstood  

    Caccepted  

    Dprize  

  • In the summer of 1838,John Wanna maker was born in Philadelphia. His father was a brick-maker.Whenever he was not(56)school,John was engaged in turning bricks which were laid in the sun to(57).Thus,the quality of working(58)was instilled(灌输)into the young man.(59)  his own diligence,he later became the merchant prince of Philadelphia. A few years later,school was(60)and he worked in a store four miles away(61) his home. He walked eight miles every day, going to work in the morning and(62)back home in the evening.He  (63)only $1.25 for the entire week's work. Afterwards he was(64)as a clerk in a law office,and later he worked in a clothing store at a(65)of $1.50 per week.Here he seemed to find the calling  (66)suited his taste, and he developed a pleasing disposition (性格).People(67)to trade with the young clerk. It was not long(68)he was called to responsible positions. In 1861,he already saved several hundred dollars.As he had(69)a reputation for honesty and ability,he was able to start in business on his own account. This firm of Wanna maker & Brown was situated(70)the comer of Sixth and Market streets. As the business(71), other stores were opened.John Wanna maker,the poor clerk—after a(72)of twenty years of hard work,pushed by energy,controlled a force of 6,000 employees. Not only did the firm handle clothing, but also articles that could be generally (73) in retail(零售)stores. The secret of his great success is his tireless diligence,and a (74)mastery of his business. He was one of the most successful merchants in history who were extremely good at thinking of new business ideas and(75)them successful.

    1. ()56  

    Aat

    Bwith

    Cfor

    Dabout  

  • 2. ()57  

    Awork

    Bsee

    Cfly

    Ddry  

  • 3. ()58  

    Aquite

    Bhard

    Cshortly

    Deasily  

  • 4. ()59  

    ABeyond

    BAlong

    CBy

    DIn  

  • 5. ()60  

    Aabsorbed

    Bannounced

    Cabandoned

    Dadvanced  

  • 6. ()61  

    Afor

    Bthrough

    Cwith

    Dfrom  

  • 7. ()62  

    Acoming

    Bcame

    Cleaving

    Dleft  

  • 8. ()63  

    Acaptured

    Breceived

    Ccombined

    Dreturned  

  • 9. ()64  

    Aemployed

    Bconsumed

    Cfollowed

    Ddisplayed  

  • 10. ()65  

    Aservice

    Bnumber

    Csalary

    Dcourse  

  • 11. ()66  

    Awhere

    Bwhich

    Cwhen

    Dwhat  

  • 12. ()67  

    Aworried

    Bhated

    Cpermitted

    Dliked  

  • 13. ()68  

    Aalthough

    Bafter

    Cbecause

    Dbefore  

  • 14. ()69  

    Aearned

    Breached

    Cpushed

    Drepaired  

  • 15. ()70  

    Aabove

    Bbelow

    Cat

    Dwith  

  • 16. ()71  

    Afollowed

    Bdivided

    Cincreased

    Ddropped  

  • 17. ()72  

    Ajustice

    Bperiod

    Crecall

    Dmisery  

  • 18. ()73  

    Avisited

    Bcaught

    Cproduced

    Dfound  

  • 19. ()74  

    Athorough

    Bpublic

    Cnormal

    Drecent  

  • 20. ()75  

    Aput

    Bmade

    Cputting

    Dmaking  

  • 1. The members were quick to come to his rescue.  
  • 2. This would ruin the spacesuit.  
  • 3. It consists of plastic food displayed in a wooden box.  
  • 4. Scientists are wondering why.  
  • 5. During the process,they noticed that several of the trees had died.
  • 6. 这部电影值得看。  
  • 7. 他每天坐公共汽车上班。  
  • 8. 整个早晨我都在打篮球。  
  • 9. 飞机马上就要起飞了。  
  • 10. 今天比昨天热得多。