2019年11月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • (76)For more than 60 years,Lego(乐高)bricks have sparked children's imaginations. Now,a new version of these toys is in the works. They're Lego Braille Bricks,and they're being tested around the world. Lego Braille Bricks are designed to help people learn Braille. That's a system of writing in which letters are represented by raised dots. People who are blind or visually impaired(弱视的)use their fingertips to read. According to the World Health Organization,36 million people worldwide are blind.In the United States,it's estimated that only 10% of blind children learn Braille.Lego Braille Bricks can help change that. The small knobs on the bricks are arranged as Braille letters. Blind children can use these knobs to learn Braille. Lego plans to launch Braille Bricks next year.(77)For some schools and institutions,they will be free.Each set will contain about 250bricks. Along with the alphabet, the bricks will feature numbers and math symbols. The Danish association of the Blind was the first organization to come up with the idea of using Lego bricks to teach Braille.Thorkild Olesen is the president of the group. Olesen is blind. He says many teachers don't have the tools and skills to help kids learn Braille.So they teach with audio(声音的)tools,such as audio books.“Like any other people,we need to express ourselves in writing. Audio can never replace Braille. Braille is the single most important tool for us to learn to spell correctly and write like sighted people." “This is particularly critical when we know that Braille users often are more independent, have a higher level of education and better employment opportunities. We strongly believe,”Olesen continues,"Lego Braille Bricks can help promote the level of interest in learning Braille.”

    1. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    ASparking Children's Imaginations  

    BLego Braille Bricks  

    CTeaching Blind Children Braille  

    DThe Toy Industry  

  • 2. Lego Braille Bricks will be launched in()  

    A2019

    B2020

    C2021

    D2022  

  • 3. The phrase come up with in Paragraph 5 probably means()  

    Aput forward  

    Bturn out  

    Csum up  

    Dtake over  

  • 4. According to Olesen, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    ATeachers often use audio books to teach blind children.  

    BBraille users often have better employment prospects.  

    CThere's no need for blind children to learn Braille.  

    DAudio is helpful,but can never replace Braille.  

  • 5. According to the passage, which of the following statements about Lego Braille Bricks is NOT TRUE?  

    A The idea was first proposed by the Danish Association of the Blind.  

    BThey are currently undergoing testing around the world.  

    C They will be distributed for free to all blind children.  

    DThere are about 250 bricks in each set.  

  • There are more species(种类)of beetles(甲虫)than any other form of life.About 380,000 species of beetles are known to exist, and more are discovered all the time.(78)There are several theories about why there are so many beetles,but evidence shows that beetles have the lowest extinction rates of any animal ever. One of the reasons beetles survive so well is their body design. Most beetle species have two pairs of wings. The front pair of a beetle's wings are hard and thick. These protect the rear set of wings and the beetle's stomach region.They are not used for flying. Indeed, some species of beetles have lost the ability to fly,but they are still equipped with front wings. Beetles can also eat a wide range of foods. Beetle species live all over the world, and they have many different types of food available to them. Most beetles are omnivores. That means they eat both plants and animals. The mixed diets help beetles adapt to many different environments. Finally, beetles are good at moving quickly over long distances. Any change in an animal's environment can be dangerous to it,but some species can avoid dangerous environment changes by migrating to a new place.Research shows that beetles respond quickly to shifts in temperature, They can migrate to safer environments. Beetles' bodies and habits help give them an edge over other creatures.(79)They are unlikely to die out. As a result, beetles makeup nearly one quarter of all animal species. There are more types of beetles on Earth than there are types of plants. Some types of beetles that exist today were around during the Permian period of history,284 million years ago. Beetles,clearly, are here to stay.

    6. What is the passage mainly about?  

    AWhy beetles have two pairs of wings.  

    B Why there are so many species of beetles.  

    CWhy there are different types of food for beetles.  

    DWhy beetles are good at moving long distances.  

  • 7. Beetles survive better than other animals because of their()  

    Abodies and habits

    Bstomach and diets  

    Cdiets and ability to fly

    Dability to fly and migrate  

  • 8. Which of the following is NOT TRUE of beetles?  

    ASome species have existed for 284 million years.  

    BThey live all around the world.  

    CThey have two pairs of wings to fly.  

    DThey are unlikely to die out.  

  • 9. The word edge in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to()  

    Aevidence

    Bmargin

    Csurvival

    Dadvantage  

  • 10. How many animal species are there according to the passage?  

    AAround 1.52 million.

    BAround 380,000.  

    CAround 284 million.

    DNot known.  

  • In today's extremely connected world,(80)people appear to have more chances to get into contact with one another than ever.Yet societies known as "uncontacted peoples"remain in parts of the world. These are communities with little contact with the wider world.It is estimated that about one hundred groups of uncontacted peoples exist today.In general,these groups remain uncontacted by choice; because of this, it is impossible to know much about their societies. For example,North Sentinel Island in the Indian Ocean is home to a group that clearly wishes to stay separate from the rest of the world. They are referred to as the North Sentinelese. North Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands,which are part of India.While groups on other Andaman Islands have slowly accepted tourism and development,the North Sentinelese fire warning arrows from their beaches at any boat that approaches their land. Over many decades,gifts and other efforts from outsiders have been rejected. From what little we know about their language,they have probably been isolated for tens of thousands of years. Why might uncontacted peoples choose to remain isolated? Unfortunately, in many cases, these groups' past encounters with the outside world were violent. Former members of uncontacted groups have said that after friends and family were attacked or killed by outsiders, they avoided any kind of contact.Even peaceful contact can have disastrous effects. Many uncontacted groups have never been exposed to diseases,not even the common cold or flu. As a result, they often don't have immunity(免疫力)to these diseases,meaning that even minor contact with outsiders has resulted in deadly outbreaks. It's not surprising, then, that some groups prefer to keep to themselves.

    11. What is the passage mainly about?  

    A Societies known as 'uncontacted peoples'.  

    BThe North Sentinelese.  

    CEncounters with 'uncontacted peoples'.  

    D Contact with groups on the Andaman Islands.  

  • 12. What is TRUE of the majority of the Andaman Islands?  

    AThey have developed contact with the wider world.  

    BThey fire warning arrows at approaching boats.  

    CThey reject gifts from outsiders.  

    DThey are eager to develop tourism.  

  • 13. From which of the following do people know that the North Sentinelese have been separated for so many years?  

    APeaceful contact.  

    BThe warning arrows.  

    CTheir language.  

    DTourism.  

  • 14. How many reasons are given to explain the isolation of the "uncontacted peoples"?  

    AOne.

    BTwo.

    CThree.

    DFour.  

  • 15. The expression keep to themselves in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to()  

    Astay separated  

    Bguard secrets  

    Cstick closely  

    Dprotect themselves  

  • 1. Peter is going to a lake()he can go fishing.  

    Ahere  

    Bthere  

    Cwhereas  

    Dwhere  

  • 2. ——How()money do I need to take?   ——About three hundred dollars.
      

    Amore  

    Bmuch  

    Cmany  

    Dfew  

  • 3. I really must go now;()I'll be late for school.  

    Afor  

    Bthen  

    Cotherwise  

    Dthat  

  • 4. The real trouble lies()their lack of confidence in their own abilities.  

    Ain  

    Bon  

    Cabout  

    Doff  

  • 5. Henry and Kate have been()since 2002.  

    Amarries  

    Bmarry  

    Cmarried  

    Dmarrying  

  • 6. It was too late to________the damage done to their relationship.  

    A revisit  

    B repair  

    C rebuild  

    D retire  

  • 7. Jane was()a grown-up when her father died.  

    Aenough  

    Balmost  

    Cclosely  

    Dnicely  

  • 8. A hospital spokesman said the woman had suffered a()heart attack.  

    Afatal  

    Bsick  

    Chard  

    Dneutral  

  • 9. ——Are you going to wear the yellow shirt or the white shirt?   ——I'm going to wear the white()
      

    Ait

    Bthat

    Cone

    Dtwo  

  • 10. There is a good program()television.Let's watch it.  

    Aon

    Bin

    Cfor

    Dwith  

  • 11. His()is to look after the animals.  

    Aduty  

    Bhonor  

    Cglory  

    Dluck  

  • 12. He was 29 when the war broke()  

    Afor  

    Bup  

    Cout  

    Ddown  

  • 13. The hotel is in a quiet()near the sea.  

    Astation  

    Bsituation  

    Clocation  

    Dstop  

  • 14. This morning our water supply was()because of the cold weather.  

    Alet down

    Bcut off  

    Ctaken up

    Dbrought away  

  • 15. It occurred to her that she might()a homeless child.  

    Aadapt  

    Badopt  

    Cadjust  

    Dadmit  

  • 16. —()did you go during the vacation?   —I didn't go anywhere.I stayed home.
      

    AWhy  

    BHow  

    CWhen  

    DWhere  

  • 17. They thought about the problem for a long time but came to no().  

    Aend

    Bpurpose

    Copinion

    Dconclusion  

  • 18. When it()to American history,he knows little about it.  

    Atalks  

    Bspeaks  

    Ccomes  

    Dtells  

  • 19. For two weeks,I have()every day looking after him.  

    Ataken  

    Cspent  

    Bcost  

    Dpaid  

  • 20. Much()our relief,he survived the terrible road accident.  

    Ato  

    Bin  

    Cfor  

    Dwith  

  • 21. He cannot()a car,for he doesn't earn that much.  

    Aobtain  

    Bget  

    Cdeserve  

    Dafford  

  • 22. By the end of next month,I()enough money to buy a camera.  

    Awill earn

    Bhave earned

    Cmust earn

    Dwill have earned  

  • 23. The reason he won the election is ()he is honest and confident of himself.  

    Awhy

    Bwhat

    Cthat

    Dwhich  

  • 24. Tom used to live in California,()?  

    A used he  

    Bdid he  

    Cwasn't he  

    Ddidn't he  

  • 25. The teacher had John()for her at the gate for a few more minutes.  

    Await  

    Bto wait  

    Cwaited  

    Dwaits  

  • 26. What a lovely party!It is worth()all my life.  

    Aremembering

    Bto remember

    Dbeing remembered

    Cto be remembered  

  • 27. We cannot understand()he avoided speaking to us.  

    Abefore  

    Bthat  

    Cwhy  

    Dafter  

  • 28. If the whole operation()beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.  

    Awas not planned

    Bhas not been planned  

    Chad not been planned

    Dwere not planned  

  • 29. When and where the new hospital will be built()a mystery,  

    Ato remain  

    Bremains  

    Cremain  

    Dis remaining  

  • 30. Young()he is,he knows what is the right thing to do.  

    Athat  

    Bas  

    Calthough  

    Dhowever  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Mr. Smith is looking for an experienced secretary who is able of managing a sales office.  

    Ais looking for  

    Bwho  

    Cable of  

    Dsales  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Generally spoken,schools in the city provide better education for students than those in the countryside.  

    Aspoken  

    Bprovide  

    Cfor  

    Dthan  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I'm just a ordinary,boring but normal guy.  

    A just  

    Ba  

    C boring  

    Dnormal  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:It is because she is very devoted to her students so she is respected by them.  

    Abecause  

    Bis very devoted  

    Cso  

    Drespected  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:There is no point to argue with him, since he has already made up his mind.  

    AThere  

    Bto argue  

    Csince  

    Dmade up  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:People do not realize the importance of good health since they have lost it.  

    Arealize  

    Bof  

    Csince  

    Dit  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I have decided to save my money in a trip to China next year.  

    Ahave  

    Bdecided to  

    Cin  

    D next  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I was drove 55 miles per hour when the police officer stopped me.  

    Adrove  

    Bper hour  

    Cwhen  

    Dstopped  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:If we owned a bigger house,they can live with us.  

    AIf  

    Bbigger  

    Ccan  

    Dwith us  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Curiously,the struggle to survive has great improved her health.  

    ACuriously  

    Bthe struggle  

    Cgreat  

    Dimproved  

  • The founder of Vassar College,Mathew Vassar, was born in England in 1792, and four years later moved to America with his parents. In those(56),the English people thought that they couldn't (57) without a yearly supply of home-made ale(麦芽啤酒).However, such a thing was unknown in the quiet commu-nity to  (58)they had come. (59 )there was no barley (大麦) in the new home, seed was im-ported  (60 )England. The family once more was (61) to enjoy their favorite drink. When neighbors paid a visit, they were, of course, (62)to have a drink.Thus,the fame of Vassar's ale (63)increased, until finally the father decided to make ale to sell. Mathew, for some reason, (64)the idea. He left home for New burg, (65)he remained four years,learning to keep books,and  66  his money.He then returned home, working in his father's establishment (67)a book-keeper(记账员). All(68)well for some time,till a fire came, destroying all the property, ruining his father, and worst of all (69) his brother's death. The father returned to a farm, but Mathew was( 70 )to restart the business. He began the business( 71 ) an old shed and its fame increased, making the ale of Vassar known far and near.From such a beginning,the business(72 )into an immense one,which he carried on (73)over thirty years. When he retired,Mathew decided to do (74)with his money for the betterment of society. In 1861 Vassar Female College was(75)up, and afterwards was changed to Vassar College. It was the first female college ever established in the US.

    1. ()56  

    Amoments

    Bdays

    Cweeks

    Dmonths  

  • 2. ()57  

    Alive

    Bvisit

    Cmove

    Dspeak  

  • 3. ()58  

    Awhen

    B that

    Cwhere

    Dwhich  

  • 4. ()59  

    AAlthough

    BAfter

    CAs

    DUntil  

  • 5. ()60  

    Afrom

    Bbeside

    Cto

    Dby  

  • 6. ()61  

    Aeasy

    Bable

    Chard

    Dsorry  

  • 7. ()62  

    Afound

    Btaught

    Cinvited

    Drequired  

  • 8. ()63  

    Ahardly

    Bmainly

    Cmostly

    Dsteadily  

  • 9. ()64  

    Apromised

    Bdiscovered

    C planned

    Ddisliked  

  • 10. ()65  

    Awhere

    Bwhich

    Cwhen

    Dwhy  

  • 11. ()66  

    Asave

    Blose

    C saving

    Dlosing  

  • 12. ()67  

    Aon

    Bas

    Cin

    Dof  

  • 13. ()68  

    Aleft

    Bwent

    Cflew

    Dsent  

  • 14. ()69  

    Ameeting

    Breaching

    Ccausing

    Ddrawing  

  • 15. ()70  

    Adetermined

    Bdecided

    Cconsidered

    Dopposed  

  • 16. ()71  

    Aon

    Bwith

    Cof

    Din  

  • 17. ()72  

    Aprotected

    Bbecame

    Corganized

    Ddeveloped  

  • 18. ()73  

    Ain

    Babove

    Cfor

    Dbetween  

  • 19. ()74  

    Anothing

    Banything

    C something

    Deverything  

  • 20. ()75  

    Aset

    Bgot

    C picked

    Dlooked  

  • 1. For more than 60 years.Lego bricks have sparked children's imaginations.  
  • 2. For some schools and institutions,they will be free.  
  • 3. There are several theories about why there are so many beetles.  
  • 4. They are unlikely to die out.  
  • 5. People appear to have more chances to get into contact with one another than ever.  
  • 6. 今天他要参加一个重要的面试。  
  • 7. 买这部手机你花了多少钱?  
  • 8. 一有消息我就告诉你。  
  • 9. 她激动得说不出话来。  
  • 10. 他喜欢玩电脑游戏。