2023年成人本科学位英语考试模拟试卷(一)

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  • People say that money cannot buy happiness. This was true for Howard Hughes. (76)He was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time. He had everything: good looks,success,power,and a lot of money.But he didn't have love or friendship because he couldn't buy them. All his life he used his money to control everything and everyone around him. In the end,he lost control of everything,even himself. Howard Hughes was born in 1905 in Houston, Texas. His father started the Hughes Tool Company.He was a workaholic(工作狂)and made a lot of money. He bought everything he wanted.He even gave money to schools so Howard could get into them. From his father, Howard learned to be a successful but merciless businessman. Hughes's mother, Allene also had a big influence on his life. Howard was her only child. She protected him and gave him everything. Unfortunately, Allene had mental problems.(77) She was afraid of germs and diseases. She was obsessed with Howard's health,and he became obsessed with it too. Allene died when Howard was 16 years old. Two years later his father died. Hughes inherited the Hughes Tool Company. Then he married Ella Rice. He and Ella moved to Los Angeles, California. It was there that Howard Hughes began to become a legend(传奇人物). Hughes began to invest his money in movies.He became an important producer soon after he moved to California. He worked hard, but he also played hard. He became obsessed with power and control. When he couldn't get something legally, he gave money to politicians and businessmen so they would help him.He owned a lot of businesses, including airplane companies,a movie studio(制片厂),Las Vegas hotels, gold and silver mines, and radio and television stations. Once he bought a television studio so he could watch movies all night,He also bought a hotel because he wanted to stay in his favorite room for one weekend.

    1. The word obsessed in Paragraph 2 probably means()  

    Atroubled  

    Breduced  

    Crelated  

    Dinformed  

  • 2. According to the passage,Howard Hughes was not().  

    Agood-looking  

    Bwealthy  

    Cfriendly  

    Dpowerful  

  • 3. Which of the following about Hughes' father is NOTTRUE?  

    A He started the Hughes Tool Company.  

    BHe liked to spend money.  

    CHe worked hard.  

    DHe drank alcohol a lot.  

  • 4. Howard Hughes' parents died()  

    Awhen he was 16 years old  

    Bbefore he was 19 years old  

    Cafter he got married  

    Dafter he moved to California  

  • 5. From the passage,we lean what Mr.Hughes lacked in his life was()  

    Aeducation  

    Blove  

    Cmoney  

    Dgood looks  

  • Chokwe Selassie is on a mission to help drivers avoid potholes(路面坑洼).The eighth-grader was inspired to kick off his mission on a recent morning, when his mother was driving him to school. Their car was damaged as it went over a huge pothole in the middle of the street in their hometown of Jackson,Missisippi."I decided I was going to do something about the pothole problem in my city,"Chokwe says.His solution: an app(手机应用)that warns drivers when there is a pothole ahead. Chokwe developed the app with his friends Rodriguez Ratliff and Emmanuel Brooks."When the app detects a pothole,it is highlighted(突出显示)in red,"Chokwe says."And if you get close to the pothole, your phone will warn you."Drivers can also use the app to report any potholes they encounter, and to look for other routes they can take to avoid roads that have them. The app relies on current available information about the streets of Jackson.“It works by using the city's 311 call system,so it uses information already stored in a database," Chokwe says.(79)Through the call system,citizens dial 3-1-1 to report non-emergency problems—which include potholes. Chokwe and his friends determined that focusing on the 10 busiest streets in Jackson would give them a large enough sample size to test the prototype(原型). (80)Although the app isn't yet available for sale.Chokwe is already looking for ways to improve it. The prototype remains limited to10 streets in Jackson, but he hopes to add more, so that it includes every street in the city. And then he wants to go even farther.“I want to keep working on the app until it's nationwide,"Chokwe says.

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

    AA Solution to Traffic Jams

    BAn App to Detect Potholes

    CPothole Problems in Big Cities

    DPoor Road Conditions

  • 7. The phrase kick off in Paragraph I is closest in meaning to()

    Aleave

    Binvent

    Cbegin

    Dshift

  • 8. People use the 31l call system to report()

    Aemergencies

    Bterrorist attacks

    Cnon-emergencies

    Dchild abuse

  • 9. The prototype focuses on()streets in Jackson.

    A10

    B15

    C20

    D25

  • 10. According to the passage,which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A Chokwe developed the app all by himself.

    BPeople can buy this app from the online store.

    CHis mother's car was once damaged over a pothole.

    DThe app works by using the city's 91l call system.

  • It can be really frustrating (使人沮丧的) for an overweight person to go to a gym and work out with a positive attitude. All one has to do is walk by almost any nice gym and notice all the healthy, sweating, “skinny” members. Sometimes they stare at those of us who are, well, zaftig. It is easy to see the judgment behind their eyes. Who wants to put up with that?
    Many people are self-conscious of their bodies and feel isolated when joining workout classes of while exercising, especially if they are larger than most of the others in the group. Now the fitness industry is finally paying attention. Popular gyms are catering (迎合) to overweight and weight conscious customers by dedicating areas where the “skinny” people are not allowed.
    There are even gyms or programs that require members to be at least 50 pounds overweight to participate.
    Trainers recommend functional fitness as a practical goal, rather than six-pack abs(六块腹肌). They often use text messages to stay in touch with customers.
    Often at these specialized gyms, the trainers are overweight themselves, or working on their own weight goals, and this can help those people with anxiety caused by poor body image. The equipment has been designed for use by larger people. Wider seats, more cushioning, no mirrors, and tinted (有色的) windows for privacy, are all important changes.
    Hopefully these types of gyms will successfully grow in numbers in the future. The idea is a very simple and potentially popular one. If it helps those of us who are bigger exercise more and improve our fitness level, it’s a step in the right direction.

    11. The word zaftig in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ().

    Afat

    Bhealthy

    Cfriendly

    Dpolite

  • 12. We can infer from the first two paragraphs that ().

    Amost large gym chains really don’t want members to show up frequently

    Boverweight people are often frustrated and pushed away by traditional gym industry

    Cregular gyms don’t accept overweight people to participate in their programs

    Doverweight people have to pay extra to work out in a gym

  • 13. What is the training goal in the gyms catering to overweight members?()

    ATo achieve functional fitness.

    BTo build six-pack abs.

    CTo look like a fitness model.

    DTo be able to run long distances.

  • 14. As for the gyms catering to overweight members, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?()

    AThe machines are designed for larger people.

    BTinted windows are used to ensure extra privacy.

    CThere are large mirrors on the walls.

    DThe training goals are more realistic.

  • 15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?()

    AImproving Women’s Self-confidence through Exercises.

    BThe traditional Gym Industry Is Losing Its Customers.

    CThe Fitness Industry Is Looking for New Directions.

    DSpecialized Gyms Designed for Overweight People.

  • 1. Would you mind()James that his father is coming to see him this weekend?  

    Atell  

    Bto tell  

    Ctelling  

    Dtold  

  • 2. In the past we had only a day off for the whole week: we work every day()Sunday.  

    Abesides

    Bbeside

    Cexcept

    Don top of  

  • 3. —Tom,is there()wrong with the car?  —Yeah,the engine refuses to start.
      

    Aanything 

    Bone thing 

    Cnothing 

    Dnone  

  • 4. It's no use()for a doctor.It's too late already.  

    Ato send  

    Bsending  

    Cby sending  

    Dhaving sent  

  • 5. Tom and John seldom go to the library in the evening,()?  

    Ado they  

    Bdon't they  

    Care they  

    Daren't they  

  • 6. I have promised to help you and I'll()my word.  

    Ahold  

    Bfollow  

    Cstick  

    Dkeep  

  • 7. The doctor kept him()on a life-support machine.  

    Atidy  

    Balive  

    Cgentle  

    Dproud  

  • 8. Katy can think clearly when she is not under()  

    Astraw  

    Bspace  

    Cstress  

    Dsurface  

  • 9. Last weekend lots of T-shirts were()here and the cheapest cost only one dollar.  

    Aat work  

    Bon sale  

    Cin practice  

    Dout of sight  

  • 10. It was___________dark that we could hardly see the faces of each other.  

    A very  

    B quite  

    C so  

    D too  

  • 11. ()city do you prefer,Shanghai or London?  

    AWhat  

    BWhich  

    CWho's  

    DWhose  

  • 12. ()he two brothers are fond of classical music.  

    A Both

    B All

    C Each

    D Either  

  • 13. I went to()Shanghai yesterday. On()train I met a famous pop star.  

    A the;/

    B /; the

    C the; the

    D /;/  

  • 14. The used car I bought cost four()pounds.  

    A thousands

    B thousand of

    C thousands of

    D thousand  

  • 15. What's the matter with you? You()so pale.  

    A are looking

    B look

    C have looked

    D looked  

  • 16. During the past ten years,there have been()changes in the country.  

    Alasting  

    Bdramatic  

    Cpowerful  

    Dimaginary  

  • 17. Mark's coming to the meeting this afternoon,()?  

    Adoesn't he  

    Bwon't he  

    Cisn't he  

    Dshan't he  

  • 18. It's time that we()to take care of our own house.  

    Abegin  

    Bwill begin  

    Chave begun  

    Dbegan  

  • 19. ()manager will come or not doesn't matter much.  

    A Whether

    B That

    C If

    D What  

  • 20. I was trying to get into the()bus when I heard a voice from behind.  

    Acrowd  

    Ccrowds  

    Dcrowded  

    Bcrowding  

  • 21. . Mr. and Mrs.Wright have got nine children-it's really a big()  

    A home

    B family

    C house

    D room  

  • 22. There were a ()number of students on the playground.  

    A few

    B little

    C short

    D small  

  • 23. Students are expected to()lectures regularly.  

    A present

    B go

    C attend

    D follow  

  • 24. This is the dictionary you're looking for,()?  

    Aisn't this  

    Bisn't that  

    Cisn't it  

    Disn't there  

  • 25. She is leaving her husband because she cannot()his bad temper any longer.

    Aput up

    Bput away

    Cput off

    Dput up with

  • 26. Professor Simpson() the project carefully and made a few corrections.  

    A went up

    B went down

    C went after

    D went over  

  • 27. If you get into difficulties,don't hesitate to ask()advice.  

    Aof  

    Bout  

    Cafter  

    Dfor  

  • 28. I'm awfully tired and can't go any farther, Ted. Let's have a rest,()?  

    A shall we

    B will you

    C can you

    D may I  

  • 29. The young man()visited our school this morning is Maria's brother.  

    A who

    B which

    C whose

    D what  

  • 30. ()coffee is coffee that you can prepare very quickly, for example by just adding  hot water.
      

    AImaginary  

    BInstant  

    CImpatient  

    DIntentional  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:In the morning I got on the train,which arrived Shanghai at night.  

    A In  

    Bgot on  

    Carrived  

    Dat night  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Hardly they had got to the bus stop when the bus suddenly pulled away.  

    Athey had  

    Bto  

    Cwhen  

    Dpulled away  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:When Uncle Tom will come back,please tell me immediately.  

    AWhen  

    Bwill come  

    C tell me  

    Dimmediately  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The background music in the little cafe sounds softly and sweet to me.  

    Abackground  

    Bin  

    Csoftly  

    Dto  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I wish I finished writing the essay yesterday,but I was too busy.  

    Awish  

    Bfinished  

    Cyesterday  

    Dwas too busy  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After living a few weeks with him,I felt sorry for to be so unfriendly to him at first.  

    Aliving  

    Bfelt  

    Cto be  

    Dto  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Although Jim has lived in Beijing for five years,but he doesn't speak Chinese well.  

    A has lived  

    Bfor  

    Cbut  

    Dspeak  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:As early as the 12th century,boys in England enjoyed to play football.  

    AAs early as  

    Bthe 12th  

    Cin  

    Dto play  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:You don't have to worry about making yourself understand as many people here know a bit of English.

    Adon't

    Bworry about

    Cunderstand

    Dknow

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:No matter however hard he tries,he never seems able to finish his work in time.

    Ahowever

    Btries

    Cseems

    Din time

  • When I was young,I spent my summer vacations on my grandparents' farm.The summer that I graduated from college,I (56)my grandparents once again.When I arrived, I discovered that there was a family(57)in progress. Grandpa's dog and hunting partner, Rusty,had taken on a very bad(58)in his old age.He had begun(59)into the chicken coop(鸡笼)and eating eggs.In the eyes of the local farmers,(60) dogs started stealing eggs,there was no(61)to cure them.They knew there was only one thing to be done(62)such a dog—you had to shoot it and the sooner the (63). Rusty and Grandpa were old friends.Grandpa certainly didn't (64)to shoot Rusty, but he knew it needed to be done.The "egg money"was Grandma's private income,so you can imagine  (65)she felt about the problem.(66)the inexperienced confidence of youth,I told Grandpa that I thought I could “cure”the egg-stealing dog.I wanted to at least have a(67)to save Rusty's life,and save Grandpa from the sadness of(68)Rusty. The next morning,I broke open six flesh eggs and put them in Rusty's bowl(69)at the door to the chicken coop.Rusty came(70)and noticed the eggs.He quickly(71)the eggs and happily walked off for his nap(打盹).The following morning I did the (72) thing. I put the eggs a few feet away from the chicken coop, toward the back door of the farmhouse (73)Grandma usually fed Rusty.The next day I again moved the bowl closer to the house, and added some dog food to the eggs.Every day I moved the bowl closer to the back door,mixing more dog food and (74) eggs.By the time the bowl reached the door,it was all dog food and no eggs.Rusty had again become (75)  to looking for his food at the back door of the house,and never again went into the chicken coop.

    1. ()56  

    A watched

    B noticed

    C invited

    D visited  

  • 2. ()57  

    A peace

    B stress

    C crisis

    D miracle  

  • 3. ()58  

    A habit

    B pattern

    C custom

    D crime  

  • 4. ()59  

    A to throw

    B to break

    C throwing

    D breaking  

  • 5. ()60  

    A once

    B before

    C while

    D although  

  • 6. ()61  

    A desire

    B route

    C way

    D idea  

  • 7. ()62  

    Ain

    Bat

    Cfor

    Dwith  

  • 8. ()63  

    A wider

    B better

    C happier

    D calmer  

  • 9. ()64  

    Acare

    BStart

    Cwant

    Dfeel  

  • 10. ()65  

    Ahow

    Bwhen

    Cwhat

    Dwhich  

  • 11. ()66  

    AIn

    BWith

    COn

    DAt  

  • 12. ()67  

    Arate

    Bspace

    Cpity

    Dchance  

  • 13. ()68  

    Alosing

    Bhelping

    Cworrying

    Dkeeping  

  • 14. ()69  

    Anext

    Bright

    Cbehind

    Dbeside  

  • 15. ()70  

    Abefore

    Bafter

    Calong

    Dfrom  

  • 16. ()71  

    Asaw

    Bfound

    Cleft

    Date  

  • 17. ()72  

    Aspecific

    Bsame

    Ckind

    Ddifferent  

  • 18. ()73  

    Awhat

    Bwhich

    Cwhere

    Dwhen  

  • 19. ()74  

    Afewer

    Bmore

    Clittle

    Dfew  

  • 20. ()75  

    Aaccustomed

    Brelated

    Cinterested

    Ddepressed  

  • 1. The bottle was found on an Australian island.  
  • 2. The biggest thing I've learned is that kids' voices need to be heard  
  • 3. And the problem is getting more and more serious.  
  • 4. She was afraid of germs and diseases.  
  • 5. He was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time.  
  • 6. 我们刚刚吃过午饭。  
  • 7. 你离开教室的时候,请把灯关上。  
  • 8. 你昨天早上几点起床的?  
  • 9. 春天是游览这个城市的最佳季节。  
  • 10. 我希望我们的演出会成功。