2023年成人本科学位英语考试模拟试卷(二)

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  • In 1866,sailors on a German ship called Paula threw a bottle with a message into waters hundreds of miles off the western coast of Australia. One hundred and thirty-one years later, (76) the bottle was found on an Australia island. It's believed to be the oldest-known message in a bottle,in terms of the amount of time that has passed between when it was written and when it was found.Before this discovery,Guinness (吉尼斯)World Records said that the oldest was 108 years old,found in Germany in 2015. Australian and German researchers worked together to check whether the note is real or not. Tonya Illman was walking on the beach in January when she spotted the old bottle."I picked it up thinking it might look nice on display in my home,”Illman says, according to an account on her husband's website.(77)The bottle was partially filled with wet sand. Shortly after, Illman's son's girlfriend poured out the contents and found a tightly rolled note covered in a piece of string. Too damp to open initially,according to the account, the group waited for it to dry and were amazed to see that it was carefully handwritten in German.“The first thing that caught my eye was the year 1866,"said Illman's husband Kym."It seemed totally unlikely to us that the note and bottle could have lasted that long." The pair reached out to the Western Australia Museum,which set out to study the document. "Extraordinary finds need extraordinary evidence to support them,so we contacted colleagues in Germany for help to find more information,"Ross Anderson,who is in charge of works of art in the museum,said in a statement. But this message is no SOS or love letter.

    1. According to Guinness World Records, the second oldest message was found()  

    Ain 2014  

    Bin 2015  

    Cin 2017  

    Din 2016  

  • 2. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    AA sailor named Paula threw the old bottle into waters in 1866.  

    BKym found the old bottle first.  

    CThis oldest message was found in Germany.  

    DThe oldest message was 131 years old.  

  • 3. From the passage,we learn that()  

    ATonya found the bottle first  

    BTonya and Kym contacted researchers in Germany for help  

    CIllman's son broke the bottle to take out what was inside  

    Dthe note was written in English  

  • 4. The word damp in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to()  

    Awet

    Bdry  

    Ccool

    Dhot  

  • 5. Which of the following is probably the best title for this passage?  

    AThe Oldest-Known Message Found in Australia  

    BThe Oldest-Known Message Found in Germany  

    CAn Extraordinary Evidence of History  

    DA Guinness Beer Bottle  

  • Toronto's third City Hall,now known as Old City Hall, was designed by Edward James Lennox and declared open on Sept.18,1899. Created to provide more space for city officials, it turned out to be the largest building in the city and the largest city building in North America at the time. Lennox took three years to design the City Hall and it took 11 years to build it. Contemporaries believe that the odd carvings(雕刻)above the Queen Street entrance were actually caricatures (漫画)of councilors at the time. Lennox even included himself in the caricatures, on the west side of the central arch(拱门),and left a strange signature in the stonework of the link portions of the building. The third City Hall was originally used as councilors' offices and legal offices, but it is used only as a courthouse today. When the fourth City Hall(the one we know today)was declared open in 1965,Old City Hall was threatened to be pulled down.It was saved by a group of people called the“Friends of Old City Hall.” The clock tower stands parallel with the middle of Bay Street, rather than with the center of the building. The bells in the tower were not installed until the building opened. Old City Hall was declared a historical site in 1989. (76)The entire structure cost more than $2.5million to build at the time.This is equal to $53 million today.

    6. The third City Hall is now used as a___.  

    Amiddle school  

    Bhospital  

    Ccinema  

    Dcourthouse  

  • 7. Toronto's third City Hall came into use in()  

    Athe 18th century  

    Bthe 19th century  

    Cthe 20th century 156  

    Dthe 21st century  

  • 8. Old City Hall was constructed in()years.  

    A3  

    B7  

    C9  

    D11  

  • 9. From the passage we learn that  

    A Toronto spends lots of money yearly developing the city  

    Bsome local residents showed a great interest in protecting the city's cultural site

    Cthe City Council of Toronto hasn't paid sufficient attention to the protection of the city's culture  

    D the City Hall is still the largest city building in North America today  

  • 10. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?  

    ATo build a structure like the City Hall will cost $2.5 million today.  

    BThe clock tower stands parallel with the center of the City Hall.  

    C Old City Hall was once pulled down in the development of the city.  

    DOld City Hall is now a historical site.  

  • Since its founding in 1948, McDonald's has grown from a family burger(汉堡包)stand to a global fast-food chain, with more than 30,000 locations in 118 countries.
    With 58 million daily customers worldwide, McDonald’s is now so ubiquitous around the globe that The Economist publishes a global ranking of currencies' purchasing power based on the prices charged at the local McDonald’s, called the Big Mac Index(巨无霸指数).That’s not to say that every nation carries the same menu items: choices vary widely depending on location. Some Asian locations serve fried shrimp in a Big Mac roll, while McDonald’s in India doesn’t serve beef at all, relying instead on burgers made from vegetables, rice and beans.
    Not everyone in the world has been happy to greet Ronald McDonald when he moves to town. Many see McDonald's as a symbol of American economic and cultural chauvinism(沙文主义), and European nations in particular have viewed American-style fast food as an insult to their national food. A French farmer, Jose Bove, became something of a national hero in 1999 after he and a group of people destroyed a McDonald's under construction to protest globalization and "bad food." The next year, a bomb exploded in a French McDonald’s,killing a 27-year-old employee. No one claimed responsibility.
    But regardless of whether you like their food or their policies, McDonald’s is still widely seen as one of the true pioneers of peaceful globalization.

    11. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE.()

    AMcDonald's was founded in 1948.

    BMcDonald’s has opened its restaurants in every city of the world.

    CMcDonald’s has over 30,000 locations in the world now.

    DMcDonald’s was very small in scale in the beginning.

  • 12. The word ubiquitous in Paragraph 2 is most likely to mean ().

    Avery crowded

    Bvery clean

    Cexisting everywhere

    Doccurring frequently

  • 13. From Paragraph 2, we can conclude that ().

    AMcDonald’s designs its menu to suit the local people

    Bmillions of young adults got their first job with McDonald’s

    Cthe McDonald’s menu sticks to old-fashioned favorites such as the Big Mac

    Dthe low prices McDonald’s bring tens of millions of people through its doors every day

  • 14. What did Jose Bove and his people do in 1999 to protest against McDonald's?()

    AThey organized a strike.

    BThey protested outside a McDonald’s.

    CThey refused to go to a newly-built McDonald’s.

    DThey destroyed a McDonald’s under construction.

  • 15. In (), an employee died in a fatal bomb attack on a McDonald’s restaurant in France.

    A1998

    B1999

    C2000

    D2001

  • 1. We have always thought very()of him.  

    Ahighly

    Bwell

    Cgreatly

    Denough  

  • 2. He fell in love with her at fist()  

    Ascene  

    Bsight  

    Cview  

    Dlook  

  • 3. If you have high blood pressure, you should_______eating too much salty food.  

    A escape  

    B suggest  

    C avoid  

    D relax  

  • 4. The bank charges 6 per cent()on all money borrowed from it.  

    Asalary

    Bpay  

    Cincome  

    Dinterest  

  • 5. 一Must we send in our plan this week?  一No,_ ; you can send it in next week.
      

    A you needn't

    B you mustn't

    C you can't

    D you shouldn't  

  • 6. . The lecture was so ()that everyone went to sleep.  

    A boring

    B bored

    C interesting

    D interested  

  • 7. I saw a car in the distance, but I couldn't()whether it was red or not.  

    Amake out  

    Bwork on  

    Clook out  

    Dtake in  

  • 8. Walking down the street the other day,()

    AI saw unusual something happen

    Ba terrible accident occurred

    Csomething unusual was seen by me

    DI saw a terrible accident

  • 9. He would be studying at the university now if he()the entrance examination.

    Apassed

    Bhave passed

    Chad passed

    Dshould have passed

  • 10. It is no use()to remember only grammar rules.

    Atrying

    Btry

    Cto try

    Dtried

  • 11. ()all his homework for today,Tom felt very much relaxed and went out for awalk around his neighborhood.

    ATo finished

    BTo have finished

    CFinished

    DHaving finished

  • 12. ()was in a completely different way that he played the game.

    AThat

    BIt

    CThere

    DAs

  • 13. Mary is the only student in my class()speaks Chinese.

    Awho

    Bwhich

    C where

    D what

  • 14. Customer: Waiter,a table for two,please.
    Waiter: Yes,sir.There's one but it's close to the door.
    Customer:().We'll take it.

    AExcuse me

    BNot at all

    CWell,it doesn't matter

    DNot really

  • 15. A child's first five years is important as far as learning is()

    Atouched

    Bworried

    Cconcerned

    D affected

  • 16. Someday in the future they are bound to()for the crimes they have committedtoday.

    Apay

    Bcost

    Ccatch

    Dspend

  • 17. On reaching home, I discovered that I ()my keys at the office.

    Aleft

    Bhave left

    Cwas left

    Dhad left

  • 18. Taken in time, the medicine can be quite ().

    Aeffective

    Baffected

    Cefficient

    Dsufficient

  • 19. Get in the car.There's enough () for you.

    Aroom

    Bseat

    Cspot

    Darea

  • 20. I immediately () Luke's father from the crowd because they two looked like each other so much.

    Aresearched

    Brecognized

    Creported

    Dreduced

  • 21. A friendly relationship between two countries is often based on____ respect, trust and understanding.

    Alovely

    Bmutual

    Cbold

    Dstrict

  • 22. With the() of a computer, one can do what was impossible in the past.

    Aage

    Bair

    Caid

    Daim

  • 23. I am not sure whether New York is () biggest city in()world or not.

    Aa; a

    Ba; the

    Cthe; the

    Dthe; a

  • 24. Lucy goes to school by bike every day, () she?

    Adoes

    Bdoesn't

    Cis

    Disn't

  • 25. The president promised to keep all the board members() of how the talks were going on.

    Ainform

    Binforming

    Cbe informed

    Dinformed

  • 26. Tom, more than anyone else, () anxious to go there again.

    Aare

    Bwere

    Cis

    Dbeing

  • 27. Would you mind() quiet for a little while I am doing my course work.

    Akeep

    Bto keep

    Ckept

    Dkeeping

  • 28. The airplane() to have sunk to the bottom of Indian Ocean.

    Asuppose

    Bsupposes

    Chas supposed

    Dis supposed

  • 29. Frank moved to California last summer and() there since then.

    Ahas stayed

    Bstayed

    Cis staying

    Dstays

  • 30. Amy is very afraid of dogs, ()

    Ais she

    Bdose she

    Cisn’t she

    Ddoesn't she

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After they reached the top of the mountain, they felt extremely hungrily and thirsty.  

    AAfter  

    Breached  

    Chungrily  

    D thirsty  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:One of the two chairs is mine;the another is my brother's.  

    Aof  

    Bis  

    Cthe another  

    Dmy brother's  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:He jumped over the fence,ran across the field,and disappearing into the woods.

    Ajumped

    Bran

    Cdisappearing

    Dthe woods

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:That road is the most busiest one I have ever seen: it often takes an hour to move two or three miles.

    Amost busiest

    Bone

    Ctakes

    Dmove

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Sidney did best in the final chemistry exam in his class,wasn't he?

    Adid

    Bbest

    Cin

    Dwasn't

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The reason I cannot go with you is becauseI am really busy.

    Acannot

    Bwith

    Cbecause

    Dam

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I'm still unable to make myself understand in the discussion which worries me a lot.

    Astill

    Bto

    Cunderstand

    Dwhich

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I don't feel like going out now: I'm not used to have a walk after dark.

    Adon't

    Bgoing out

    Chave a walk

    Dafter dark

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:As they use energy only for motion, a snake can live longer without food than a human being.

    Athey use

    Bfor

    Cwithout food

    Dthan

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The war was broken out in 1937, which led to great losses of lives.

    Awas broken out

    Bin

    Cled

    Dlives

  • Green sea turtles(海龟)are the world's largest species of hard-shelled sea turtle.While most individuals weigh about 136 to 181 kilograms,some can be(56) heavy as 204 kilograms. These turtles are found nesting(筑巢)along the coastline of more than 80 countries,with the largest nesting populations (57)in Costa Rica and Australia. Green sea turtles spend most of their lives underwater, (58) they can rest for up to five hours at a time before (59 )up for air. When active,they typically stay underwater for a few minutes and swim up to the surface to(60)air for a few seconds.Green sea turtles also bathe in the sun (61) land. Unlike most other sea turtles,adult green sea turtles eat primarily plant-based foods(62) of seaweed and sea grass. Scientists believe these green foods (63)the sea turtle's fat its green color. Similar to other sea turtles,green sea turtles travel long distances(64)their feeding grounds and their nesting sites,with recorded distances(65)than 2,600 kilometers.They have strong flippers(鳍形肢)that help them(66)in the water. Female green sea turtles leave the water in (67)to lay eggs on the beach and will choose the same nesting (68)as where they are born.A female will dig (69)a nest with her flippers and lay about 115 eggs.Then she'll cover the eggs (70)sand and return to the sea. After about two months,the babies will use a special "egg tooth"to break their shells and hatch(孵化)from their eggs. The first few years of a green sea turtle's life are spent(71 )at sea,where they feed on tiny animals and plants(72)live in the surface layer of the sea. As they grow older, the turtles move to  (73)waters along the coast,where they find sea grass to eat. Adult green sea turtles face many threats, primarily from humans,including injuries from passing boats,being(74)in fishing nets and pollution. Newly hatched sea turtles are also at(75)of being hunted by other animals as they move from their nests out to the sea.

    1. ()56  

    A at

    B for

    C in

    D as  

  • 2. ()57  

    A gone

    B moved

    C found

    D knocked  

  • 3. ()58  

    A where

    B which

    C that

    D when  

  • 4. ()59  

    A join

    B come

    C joining

    D coming  

  • 5. ()60  

    A breathe

    B draw

    C hold

    D attract  

  • 6. ()61  

    A for

    B at

    C on

    D in  

  • 7. ()62  

    A putting

    B making

    Ccontaining

    Dconsisting  

  • 8. ()63  

    A take

    B give

    C taken

    D given  

  • 9. ()64  

    A Among

    Bwithin

    C between

    Dbeyond  

  • 10. ()65  

    Alonger

    B deeper

    C richer

    D higher  

  • 11. ()66  

    A arrive

    B swim

    C reach

    D jump  

  • 12. ()67  

    A way

    B place

    C method

    D order  

  • 13. ()68  

    A lawn

    Bstreet

    C level

    Dspot  

  • 14. ()69  

    Aout

    B away

    C above

    Dbelow  

  • 15. ()70  

    A of

    B with

    Cout

    D for  

  • 16. ()71  

    Afloat

    Bthink

    Cfloating

    D thinking  

  • 17. ()72  

    A when

    B that

    C what

    D where  

  • 18. ()73  

    Anegative

    B careful

    Cshallow

    D polite  

  • 19. ()74  

    A caught

    B dropped

    C grown

    Dreached  

  • 20. ()75  

    A risk

    B sight

    C visit

    D death  

  • 1. The panels also take up space.  
  • 2. The planet's health depends on the survival of coral reefs.  
  • 3. They say their local economies depend on the use of these areas.  
  • 4. Both sides show no signs of backing down.  
  • 5. So how did she become a doctor?
  • 6. 足球是一项培养孩子跟别人合作的运动。
  • 7. 请带把雨伞以防下雨。
  • 8. 汤姆每天下午打篮球。
  • 9. 这个国家以其美丽的湖泊而闻名于世。
  • 10. 在你考虑之后,请告诉我你的决定。