2017年5月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • People say that money cannot buy happiness. This was true for Howard Hughes. (76)He was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time. He had everything: good looks,success,power,and a lot of money.But he didn't have love or friendship because he couldn't buy them. All his life he used his money to control everything and everyone around him. In the end,he lost control of everything,even himself. Howard Hughes was born in 1905 in Houston, Texas. His father started the Hughes Tool Company.He was a workaholic(工作狂)and made a lot of money. He bought everything he wanted.He even gave money to schools so Howard could get into them. From his father, Howard learned to be a successful but merciless businessman. Hughes's mother, Allene also had a big influence on his life. Howard was her only child. She protected him and gave him everything. Unfortunately, Allene had mental problems.(77) She was afraid of germs and diseases. She was obsessed with Howard's health,and he became obsessed with it too. Allene died when Howard was 16 years old. Two years later his father died. Hughes inherited the Hughes Tool Company. Then he married Ella Rice. He and Ella moved to Los Angeles, California. It was there that Howard Hughes began to become a legend(传奇人物). Hughes began to invest his money in movies.He became an important producer soon after he moved to California. He worked hard, but he also played hard. He became obsessed with power and control. When he couldn't get something legally, he gave money to politicians and businessmen so they would help him.He owned a lot of businesses, including airplane companies,a movie studio(制片厂),Las Vegas hotels, gold and silver mines, and radio and television stations. Once he bought a television studio so he could watch movies all night,He also bought a hotel because he wanted to stay in his favorite room for one weekend.

    1. According to the passage,Howard Hughes was not().  

    Agood-looking  

    Bwealthy  

    Cfriendly  

    Dpowerful  

  • 2. Which of the following about Hughes' father is NOTTRUE?  

    A He started the Hughes Tool Company.  

    BHe liked to spend money.  

    CHe worked hard.  

    DHe drank alcohol a lot.  

  • 3. Howard Hughes' parents died()  

    Awhen he was 16 years old  

    Bbefore he was 19 years old  

    Cafter he got married  

    Dafter he moved to California  

  • 4. The word obsessed in Paragraph 2 probably means()  

    Atroubled  

    Breduced  

    Crelated  

    Dinformed  

  • 5. From the passage,we lean what Mr.Hughes lacked in his life was()  

    Aeducation  

    Blove  

    Cmoney  

    Dgood looks  

  • Half of the world's coral reefs(珊瑚礁)have died in the last 30 years. Now scientists are racing to ensure that the rest survive.Even if global warming were to stop right now, scientists predict that more than 90% of corals will die by 2050. If no major steps are taken to address the problem,the reefs may be headed for total extinction(灭绝). (78)The planet's health depends on the survival of coral reefs. They are often described as "the rainforests of the sea",because they provide shelter for a wide variety of sea life.In addition, the reefs serve as barriers that protect coastlines from the full force of powerful storms. Corals are used in medical research for cures to diseases.They are key to local economies as well, since the reefs attract tourists, the fishing industry, and other businesses, bringing in billions of dollars. (79) Corals are particularly sensitive to changes in temperature. A rise of just 1 to 2 degrees can force the corals to drive out the algae(水藻).Then the corals turn white in a process called “bleaching”. Corals can recover from short-term bleaching, but long-term bleaching can cause permanent damage.In 1998,when sea surface temperatures were the highest in recorded history, coral reefs around the world suffered the most severe bleaching. It is estimated that even under the best of conditions, many of these coral reefs will need decades to recover. Although reefs face other threats from pollution, industrial activities, and overfishing, it is global climate change that most concerns scientists. Scientists remain hopeful that it's not too late to save the reefs, and some are moving ahead on experiments to accomplish that goal.

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    ARising Global Temperatures  

    BRainforests Are in Danger  

    C Coral Reefs Face Extinction  

    DGlobal Climate Change  

  • 7. The word address in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to()  

    Abreak down  

    Bstick to  

    Cgo over  

    Ddeal with  

  • 8. Why are coral reefs called“the rainforests of the sea”?  

    ABecause they are home to a wide variety of sea life.  

    BBecause they can protect our coasts from storms.  

    CBecause they might supply natural medicines.  

    DBecause they look like rainforests.  

  • 9. The corals turn()in the process of "bleaching".  

    Ared  

    Bblack  

    Cgreen  

    Dwhite  

  • 10. According to the passage,()is the biggest threat to coral reefs.  

    Apollution  

    Boverfishing  

    Cindustrial activity  

    Dclimate change  

  • Over the years, college students have stood together for what they believe in,from civil rights to anti-war policies to the more recent protests against the unequal distribution of wealth. But nowhere in history have students banned(禁止)bottled water. Until now. The bottled water ban,which started on just a few campuses,has now spread nationwide to more than 20 universities.The colleges have either completely banned the use of plastic bottles altogether, or some have taken a more limited approach with partial bans. Many people believe that producing and using bottled water wastes money and harms the environment. They say that bottled water is unnecessary because public water supplies in the U.S. are among the best in the world. Water fountains and reusable bottles with easy access(获取)to filling stations are a better choice. An organization called Ban the Bottle raises awareness about the economic and environmental costs of using plastic bottles. The group claims that eight glasses of water a day costs each person 49 cents annually,while drinking from plastic containers costs $1,400 per year. Plastic bottles contain antimony—a chemical that in low doses causes depression, but in large doses can even lead to death. The controversy over bottled or tap is not limited to the students and college administrations. The makers of bottled water see the movement as a threat.(80)They argue that plastic bottles make up a small portion of the nation's total waste.It's unfair to single out(单独挑出)their product when so many other items are packaged in plastic containers. Plus, water is a healthy choice compared to some sodas and juices that are also sold at school.   11@Which of the following is the main idea of the passage? Many universities ban or restrict the sale of bottled water. B.Many states ban or restrict the sale of bottled water. C.The bottled water industry is concerned about its decreasing sales. D.Many people are opposed to the bottled water ban.   

    11. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?  

    A Many universities ban or restrict the sale of bottled water.  

    BMany states ban or restrict the sale of bottled water.  

    CThe bottled water industry is concerned about its decreasing sales.  

    DMany people are opposed to the bottled water ban.  

  • 12. According to Ban the Bottle, drinking bottled water costs()dollars per year.  

    A8  

    B20  

    C49  

    D1400  

  • 13. The word controversy in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to().  

    Achoice  

    Bcontrol  

    Cargument  

    Dstatement  

  • 14. What does the bottled water industry use in its own defense?  

    ABottled water is much cleaner than tap water.  

    BStudents should have freedom of choice.  

    CThe bottles are made in a more environment-friendly way,  

    D Water is healthier than some sodas and juices.  

  • 15. According to the passage,which of the following statements is TRUE?  

    A All the universities have banned the sale of bottled water.  

    BPlastic bottles may do harm to people's health.  

    CThe purchase of soft drinks will increase.  

    DBottled water is cheap and environment-friendly.  

  • 1. ()he two brothers are fond of classical music.  

    A Both

    B All

    C Each

    D Either  

  • 2. Although it is raining hard,()  

    A Tom still wants to go out

    B and Tom still wants to go out  

    C that Tom still wants to go out

    D but Tom still wants to go out  

  • 3. I went to()Shanghai yesterday. On()train I met a famous pop star.  

    A the;/

    B /; the

    C the; the

    D /;/  

  • 4. With the guide()the way, we set off on foot into the dark night.  

    A Leading

    B to lead

    C led

    D being led  

  • 5. The used car I bought cost four()pounds.  

    A thousands

    B thousand of

    C thousands of

    D thousand  

  • 6. What's the matter with you? You()so pale.  

    A are looking

    B look

    C have looked

    D looked  

  • 7. The young man()visited our school this morning is Maria's brother.  

    A who

    B which

    C whose

    D what  

  • 8. I'm awfully tired and can't go any farther, Ted. Let's have a rest,()?  

    A shall we

    B will you

    C can you

    D may I  

  • 9. ()manager will come or not doesn't matter much.  

    A Whether

    B That

    C If

    D What  

  • 10. Jim's job is to keep his boss()of the latest development of that product in Europe.  

    A inform

    B to inform

    C informed

    D informing  

  • 11. While were on holiday,our neighbor took()our house.  

    Anotice of  

    Bcare of  

    Cafter  

    Don  

  • 12. I was trying to get into the()bus when I heard a voice from behind.  

    Acrowd  

    Ccrowds  

    Dcrowded  

    Bcrowding  

  • 13. If you get into difficulties,don't hesitate to ask()advice.  

    Aof  

    Bout  

    Cafter  

    Dfor  

  • 14. The kids were especially() the coming Christmas because they would get lots of  presents from their parents and uncles.
      

    A coming up with

    B looking forward to  

    C making up for

    D getting rid of  

  • 15. Martin, when you go to the meeting tomorrow,() your iPad with you.  

    A bring

    B take

    C fetch

    D put  

  • 16. I am very() to you for your help.  

    A grateful

    B agreeable

    C capable

    D enjoyable  

  • 17. Honesty is the most important()a man should have.  

    A effort

    B habit

    C quality

    D question  

  • 18. Students are expected to()their classes regularly.  

    Acome  

    Bgo  

    Cattend  

    Dfollow  

  • 19. It is a three-storey house and the kitchen is on the() floor.  

    A ground

    B earth

    C soil

    D land  

  • 20. He spoke English so well that I took it for()that he was an American.  

    A good

    B certain

    C sure

    D granted  

  • 21. That student()his hand every time I asked a question.  

    A made up

    B put up

    C rose

    D arose  

  • 22. The two girls look exactly() in appearance.  

    A same

    B alike

    C like

    Dsame one  

  • 23. The American and the British()a large number of social customs.  

    A join

    B take

    C share

    D make  

  • 24. Either my parents or my elder brother ______ going to water the garden.  

    Aare  

    Bis  

    Chas  

    Dhave  

  • 25. The children()happily in the classroom when the teacher came in.  

    A talk

    B are talking

    C were talking

    D had talked  

  • 26. I tore open the box, only() that some papers were missing.  

    Adiscovering

    Bto discover 

    Cdiscovered

    Ddiscover  

  • 27. Can you imagine why ()?  

    A did the boy say that

    B the boy said that  

    C did the boy say

    D the boy said  

  • 28. In the road accident the other day three people(), including the driver.  

    A kill ed

    B were kill ed

    C are kill ed

    D have kill ed  

  • 29. They have decided to put the meeting()till next Monday.  

    Aup  

    Bon  

    Coff  

    Dforward  

  • 30. Only when he finished his homework()that he had made a mistake.  

    A he then realized

    B did he realize  

    C before he realized

    D he realized  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Nobody believed that his excuse for being late was why his car broke down on his way to work.  

    Abelieved  

    Bexcuse for  

    Cwhy  

    Dbroke down  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I wish I finished writing the essay yesterday,but I was too busy.  

    Awish  

    Bfinished  

    Cyesterday  

    Dwas too busy  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Tom's father,as well as his mother,ask him to stay in New York for a few more days.  

    Aas well as  

    Bask  

    Cto stay  

    Da few more  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After living a few weeks with him,I felt sorry for to be so unfriendly to him at first.  

    Aliving  

    Bfelt  

    Cto be  

    Dto  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Robert is a great basketball fan and love Kobe Bryant very much.  

    A is  

    Ba great basketball fan  

    Clove  

    Dvery much  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Hardly I had sat down when I heard someone knock at the door.  

    AI had  

    Bwhen  

    CI heard  

    Dknock at  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The puzzle was so difficult that I gave up it in the end.  

    Awas  

    Bso difficult  

    Cgave up it  

    Din the end  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:In March when spring is already here,we usually plant many young trees on both side of the street.  

    AIn  

    Bwhen  

    Con  

    Dside  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:You'd better to go home now because it's going to rain in no time.  

    Ato go  

    Bbecause  

    Cto rain  

    Din no time  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After they reached the top of the mountain, they felt extremely hungrily and thirsty.  

    AAfter  

    Breached  

    Chungrily  

    D thirsty  

  • When I was young,I spent my summer vacations on my grandparents' farm.The summer that I graduated from college,I (56)my grandparents once again.When I arrived, I discovered that there was a family(57)in progress. Grandpa's dog and hunting partner, Rusty,had taken on a very bad(58)in his old age.He had begun(59)into the chicken coop(鸡笼)and eating eggs.In the eyes of the local farmers,(60) dogs started stealing eggs,there was no(61)to cure them.They knew there was only one thing to be done(62)such a dog—you had to shoot it and the sooner the (63). Rusty and Grandpa were old friends.Grandpa certainly didn't (64)to shoot Rusty, but he knew it needed to be done.The "egg money"was Grandma's private income,so you can imagine  (65)she felt about the problem.(66)the inexperienced confidence of youth,I told Grandpa that I thought I could “cure”the egg-stealing dog.I wanted to at least have a(67)to save Rusty's life,and save Grandpa from the sadness of(68)Rusty. The next morning,I broke open six flesh eggs and put them in Rusty's bowl(69)at the door to the chicken coop.Rusty came(70)and noticed the eggs.He quickly(71)the eggs and happily walked off for his nap(打盹).The following morning I did the (72) thing. I put the eggs a few feet away from the chicken coop, toward the back door of the farmhouse (73)Grandma usually fed Rusty.The next day I again moved the bowl closer to the house, and added some dog food to the eggs.Every day I moved the bowl closer to the back door,mixing more dog food and (74) eggs.By the time the bowl reached the door,it was all dog food and no eggs.Rusty had again become (75)  to looking for his food at the back door of the house,and never again went into the chicken coop.

    1. ()56  

    A watched

    B noticed

    C invited

    D visited  

  • 2. ()57  

    A peace

    B stress

    C crisis

    D miracle  

  • 3. ()58  

    A habit

    B pattern

    C custom

    D crime  

  • 4. ()59  

    A to throw

    B to break

    C throwing

    D breaking  

  • 5. ()60  

    A once

    B before

    C while

    D although  

  • 6. ()61  

    A desire

    B route

    C way

    D idea  

  • 7. ()62  

    Ain

    Bat

    Cfor

    Dwith  

  • 8. ()63  

    A wider

    B better

    C happier

    D calmer  

  • 9. ()64  

    Acare

    BStart

    Cwant

    Dfeel  

  • 10. ()65  

    Ahow

    Bwhen

    Cwhat

    Dwhich  

  • 11. ()66  

    AIn

    BWith

    COn

    DAt  

  • 12. ()67  

    Arate

    Bspace

    Cpity

    Dchance  

  • 13. ()68  

    Alosing

    Bhelping

    Cworrying

    Dkeeping  

  • 14. ()69  

    Anext

    Bright

    Cbehind

    Dbeside  

  • 15. ()70  

    Abefore

    Bafter

    Calong

    Dfrom  

  • 16. ()71  

    Asaw

    Bfound

    Cleft

    Date  

  • 17. ()72  

    Aspecific

    Bsame

    Ckind

    Ddifferent  

  • 18. ()73  

    Awhat

    Bwhich

    Cwhere

    Dwhen  

  • 19. ()74  

    Afewer

    Bmore

    Clittle

    Dfew  

  • 20. ()75  

    Aaccustomed

    Brelated

    Cinterested

    Ddepressed  

  • 1. 你喜欢流行音乐吗?  
  • 2. 不要放弃希望。  
  • 3. 我会去火车站接你。  
  • 4. 我不能去聚会,因为要准备考试了。  
  • 5. 我们刚才去散步了。  
  • 6. She was afraid of germs and diseases.  
  • 7. The planet's health depends on the survival of coral reefs.  
  • 8. Corals are particularly sensitive to changes in temperature.  
  • 9. They argue that plastic bottles make up a small portion of the nation's total waste.  
  • 10. He was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time.