2018年11月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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考试类型:模拟试题

作答时间:90分钟

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  • Flores Colque celebrated her 118°birthday last month. She is the oldest woman in Bolivia (玻利维亚).Following the death of a woman in Japan earlier this year, Flores Colque may now be the oldest person in the world.Her national paper says Flores Colque was born on October 26, 1900 in the mountains of Bolivia. During her long life,Flores Colque has seen two world wars. Her home country of Bolivia had a major revolution. And the town where she is from has grown from 3,000 people to 175,000. But right now,Flores Colque seems mostly interested in her dogs and cats. She has not heard of the Guinness Book of World Records, and she does not care whether experts confirm she is the oldest person alive. “She's always been active, easygoing and fun,”says her grandniece, who lives with her in a simple home with a dirt floor. Government officials have paid for some improvements to the house, adding a brick path and railings(栏杆)so Flores Colque can walk safely. The mayor's office calls Flores Colque part of the country's living history. On the day a reporter visited,Flores Colque was playing a small guitar and singing old songs in her native language.“If you would have told me you were coming, I'd have remembered all the songs,"she joked. When she was growing up,Flores Colque herded sheep in the Bolivian highlands. (76) Then she moved to a valley, where she sold fruits and vegetables. Those fruits and vegetables became her main food,and she still cats a healthy diet—except for a piece of cake and a glass of soda sometimes. She never married and does not have children. She cannot hear very well, but she is alert(机敏的).Flores Colque's age would make her interesting anywhere, but it is especially notable in Bolivia. The United Nations says the country has one of the South America's highest levels of death.

    1. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    AThe oldest person in Japan was born in 1901.  

    BFlores Colque is the oldest person in Bolivia.  

    CThe oldest person in Japan knew Flores Colque.  

    DFlores Colque has read the Guinness Book of World Records.  

  • 2. According to the passage, Flores Colque lives in()now.  

    AJapan  

    BNorth America  

    CEurope  

    DSouth America  

  • 3. The word herded in the last paragraph can probably be replaced by()  

    Amade animals move along as a group

    Bfed animals as a group  

    Ckept animals from hurting each other

    D made sure animals did not follow one another  

  • 4. From the passage we learn that Flores Colque once()  

    Asang to make a living  

    Bfought in World War Two  

    Csold fruits and vegetables  

    Dworked as an animal doctor  

  • 5. Which of the following statements about Flores Colque is NOT TRUE?  

    AShe is easygoing.  

    BShe keeps pets.  

    CShe remains single all her life.  

    DShe lives alone.  

  • Playing video games can be a fun way to unwind or spend time with friends.In schools, teachers use games like Minecraft to encourage teamwork and critical thinking. (77)But for some players,gaming has become an unhealthy habit.Late at night,they are glued to a screen. Schoolwork suffers. The video-game world seems a friendlier place than the real one. Mental health experts have taken notice.In June,the World Health Organization(WHO)added gaming disorder to its list of diseases and health conditions. A person may have the disorder if gaming has damaged his or her relationships with family and friends,and if it has affected his or her daily activities. Not all experts agree that excessive gaming should be called a disorder.They say people hooked on video games may be suffering from other mental health problems that should be treated first. Others think WHO made the right call.Psychiatrist(精神科医生)Clifford Sussman treats gaming addiction(上瘾).(78)He says kids often have feelings of anxiety and loneliness. They get angry when a parent asks them to stop playing video games. What makes video games addictive?Playing excites the brain's reward center. After a while,the brain becomes numb(麻木的)to pleasure.You feel bored without a controller in your hand. So you play even more. One key to healthy gaming is to track how long you play. Sussman recommends taking at least an hour-long break after every hour of play. That gives the brain time to recover. Young gamers who think they might have a problem should seek help from an adult. Sussman suggests you first answer a simple question:"Are you in control,or is the game in control?”

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    AMental Health Problems  

    BExcessive Gaming  

    C Unhealthy Habits  

    DTeamwork Training  

  • 7. The word unwind in Paragraph l is closest in meaning to()  

    Amatch  

    Bmeet  

    Cretreat  

    Drelax  

  • 8. Clifford Sussman's attitude to WHO's recognition of excessive gaming as a disorder is()
      

    Asupportive

    Bdoubtful

    Cneutral

    Dcritical  

  • 9. Sussman advises game players to()  

    Aquit playing video games  

    Bplay sports instead of video games  

    Cgo to the hospital to get medical treatment  

    D rest for at least an hour after every hour of play  

  • 10. According to the passage,which of thy following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    AVideo games are addictive.  

    BVideo games are never used in classroom teaching.  

    CExcessive gaming may affect a person's daily activities.  

    D Some experts don't think excessive gaming should be called a disorder.  

  • Jayden Hairston was very disappointed. More than anything in the world, he wanted to learn how to sing. His school in Yonkers—just north of New York City——didn't offer the music instruction he needed. So he begged his parents to sign him up for after-school lessons. Jayden's mother wanted to help her son follow his passion.(79)But private lessons were too expensive. Jayden, then 6 years old, knew exactly what to do. He took out his iPad. Then he began researching after-school arts programs. He soon came across the website for Harlem School of the Arts(HSA),in New York City.There, he could take voice and dance lessons. It was a bit far from Yonkers.But he convinced his parents to take him for a visit. That was three years ago. Now Jayden is one of HSA's most active students.He takes singing, dancing, or theater lessons almost everyday after school.(80)Last year,he performed in seven productions. Like Jayden,students in many communities across the United States have limited access (使用的机会或权利)to arts instruction in schools. HSA is one of many nonprofit groups that bridges this gap by offering affordable arts classes.Groups like HSA are funded by donations(捐赠)and state grants.Many also receive money from the federal government's National Endowment(基金)for the Arts(NEA). The NEA was established in 1965. Its goal is to promote access to the arts for all Americans. Some people, however, believe it's not the responsibility of the federal government to provide arts funding.President Donald Trump's 2019proposal calls on Congress to reduce NEA funding and eventually eliminate the agency.The Trump administration argues that "private and other public sources"already provide funding for the arts. Congress has yet to make a decision. Supporters of arts education say cutting the NEA is a bad idea. It could leave many children unable to participatein the arts. That's because 40% of the agency's grants go to high-poverty neighborhoods.

    11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    AArts Education Is Expensive  

    BJaden Has Great Musical Talent  

    CSome Students Have Limited Access to Arts Instruction  

    DTrump Calls on Congress to Reduce Arts Funding  

  • 12. Jayden got the information about HSA from()  

    Ahis mother  

    Bhis music teacher  

    Cthe Internet  

    Dthe newspaper  

  • 13. Jayden Hairston is()years old now.  

    A6

    B7

    C8

    D9  

  • 14. The word eliminate in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to()  

    Acriticize

    Bremove

    Crebuild

    Drun  

  • 15. According to the passage,whichof the following statements is TRUE?  

    AHSA is a nonprofit group established in 1965.  

    B Congress agrees to Trump's proposal to cut the NEA.  

    C Arts instruction directly affects students' academic success.

    D Jayden takes singing, dancing, and theater lessons at HSA.

  • 1. The United States has long been( )to be among the best places in the world for higher education.
      

    Aproposed  

    Bread  

    Cconsidered  

    Dtold  

  • 2. In recent years, several companies have developed new English language tests that are low-cost and()to use.
      

    Aeasy  

    Bglad  

    Chappy  

    Dwell  

  • 3. Although they plant trees in this area every year,the tops of some hills are still()  

    Ablank

    Bbare

    Chollow

    Dvacant  

  • 4. ——What has()the boy who fell off the bike?   ——Nothing serious. The doctor says that he can come back to school in a day or two.
      

    Abecome of

    Bhappened with  

    Coccurred of

    Dbecome with  

  • 5. .It's bad()for a man to smoke in the public places.  

    Abehavior

    Cmovement  

    Baction

    Dbelief  

  • 6. I was shocked()the president's words.  

    Awith 

    Bat
      

    Cin

    Dfor

  • 7. When my American friends talk about China,they will always()it with the Great Wall.

    Aadvertise  

    Bassociate  

    Cattach  

    Dcombine  

  • 8. The company is starting a new advertising campaign to()new customers to its stores.

    Aattend

    Battract

    Cstick

    Dtransfer  

  • 9. It's wrong to judge people only according to their family()  

    Abasis

    Barea

    Ctask

    Dbackground  

  • 10. Joe's friends all have a new bicycle,and he()wants one,too.  

    Abadly

    Bvery

    Crather

    Dbarely  

  • 11. If you want to treat your friends to dinner in a good restaurant at the weekend, you'd better book a table()  

    Ain front

    Bbefore

    Cahead of

    Din advance  

  • 12. Can you do the job alone,or do you want someone to()you?  

    Aaffect

    Bassist

    Capply

    Darrange  

  • 13. But for her mother's sudden illness,she would never think of breaking this()with you.  

    Areview

    Binterview

    Cmovement

    Dappointment  

  • 14. Lily()have known the truth,or she would have told us.  

    Amustn't  

    Bshouldn't  

    Ccan't  

    Dneedn't  

  • 15. The best way to()this goal is to introduce new advanced technology.  

    Across  

    Bperform  

    Cachieve  

    Dcomplete  

  • 16. The man who was accused()stealing the car said that he was not guilty.  

    Afor  

    Bwith  

    Cof  

    Dabout  

  • 17. On his way home,he suddenly heard his name()  

    Acalling

    Bcalled

    Cto call

    Dcall  

  • 18. There was an()look on his face when the actress appcared on the stage.  

    Aexcited

    Bexcite

    Cexciting

    Dexcitedly  

  • 19. She speaks English()than her brother does.  

    Abest  

    Bbetter  

    Cgood  

    Dwell  

  • 20. —Must we hand in our exercise books today?   —Yes,()
      

    Ayou will  

    Byou must  

    Cyou do  

    Dyou can  

  • 21. They will have learned Russian for 7 years by the time they()from the university next year.

    Awill graduate

    Bwill have graduated

    Cgraduate

    Dare going to graduate  

  • 22. —Why did you sell the old car at such a low price?   —I did it only because I was made()it.
      

    Ado

    Bto do

    Cdoing

    Ddone  

  • 23. Every day()water is wasted here though we are badly short of it.  

    Aany  

    Ba number of  

    Ca lot of  

    Dthese  

  • 24. Lucy got to the station()late to catch the train,so she had to wait for the next one.  

    Aenough  

    Bvery  

    Ctoo  

    Drather  

  • 25. There are not()students in Class One as in Class Two.  

    Amany as  

    Bas many  

    Cmore as  

    Das more  

  • 26. Your hard work has made the project a success. Without your work it()a complete failure.  

    Awas  

    Bwere  

    Cbe  

    Dwould have been  

  • 27. If Peter()to the office tomorrow,tell him the news please.  

    Acome  

    Bcomes  

    Ccame  

    D Will come  

  • 28. Yesterday Mr Smith bought()English dictionary while I got a Russian novel in the bookstore.
      

    Aa

    Ban

    Cthe

    D/  

  • 29. George applied for the position three times()he finally got it.  

    Abefore  

    Buntil  

    Cwhen  

    Dafter  

  • 30. Under no circumstance()to tell lies to parents.  

    Achildren are allowed  

    Bare children allowed  

    Cchildren will allow  

    D will children allow  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:On addition,more than one-third of Americans over the age of 25 have a college degree or higher.  

    AOn  

    B one-third  

    Cthe age of 25  

    Dhigher  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Scientists have long struggle with how to measure the effects of climate change on wildlife.  

    A have  

    Bstruggle with  

    Ceffects  

    Don wildlife  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Florida's busiest airport will be the first in the country to scan face of all passengers.  

    Abusiest  

    Bthe first  

    Cin the country  

    Dface  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Americans are not very creating when it comes to breakfast.  

    AAmericans  

    Bcreating  

    Cwhen  

    D comes to  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Parents today are concerned that their children are spending too many time on a computer or other electronic devices.  

    Aconcerned  

    Bchildren  

    Cmany  

    Da computer  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Alice is fond of playing the piano while Henry is interested in listening to the music.  

    Ais  

    Bplaying  

    Cis  

    Dthe  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The boy sitting by the window is the only one of the students who are from the countryside in our school.  

    Asitting  

    Bis  

    Care  

    Din  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:They can read such stories what have been rewritten in simple English.  

    Acan  

    Bwhat  

    Cbeen  

    Din  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Excuse me,could you please tell me when is the sports meet going to be held?  

    AExcuse me  

    Bplease tell  

    C is the sports meet  

    Dbe held  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Hardly had he entered the office that he realized that he had left his report behind.  

    Ahad he entered  

    Bthat  

    Crealized  

    Dhad left  

  • Walking through the woods alone can be a frightening prospect for a kid, but not for 7-year-old Matthew of Portland,Oregon.He doesn't have a backyard to(56)in,so the woods behind his house serve the same(57) .He spends hours out there:swinging on a swing,(58) across the valley to a friend's house,and(59)garden knives to cut a path.He lays(60)sticks to form a bridge across the small stream. And he does all of this alone, Matthew's mom,Laura Randall,wants her son to gain skills and confidence that only (61)  with doing things alone.But she didn't just(62)her 7-year-old outside the door with garden tools one day. They worked up to it gradually with what Randall calls "experiments in independence.” "Just those moments,increasingly longer moments,where he can choose to be(63)his own,"Randall explains. Randall knows this isn't the(64)for today's parenting style.Gone are the days(65)kids ride their bikes alone until the streetlights come on. Randall has met people who think she's a(66) parent. Once, an off-duty police officer started yelling at her when she left Matthew alone in the car(67)a few minutes while she ran into a shop. Randall knows that parents in several states have been arrested for(68)their kids walk to the park alone,or even(69)them to walk to school. And so she was a bit(70)about what this man might do. Anyway, they talked it out, and the man walked(71).Randall felt confident about (72) her parenting,partly(73)she had connected with a group(74)Free Range Kids. This group  (75)childhood independence,and gives families the information they need to push back against a culture of over protection.

    1. ()56  

    Aswim

    Bplay

    Cmove

    Dlive  

  • 2. ()57  

    Aroad

    Bpath

    Ctarget

    Dpurpose  

  • 3. ()58  

    Awalking

    Barriving

    Creaching

    Dspeaking  

  • 4. ()59  

    Ause

    Benjoy

    Cusing

    Denjoying  

  • 5. ()60  

    Aout

    Baway

    Cdown

    Doff  

  • 6. ()61  

    Aput

    Bcome

    Creact

    Dpay  

  • 7. ()62  

    Aforbid

    Border

    Ctreat

    Dleave  

  • 8. ()63  

    Aat

    Bin

    Cwith

    Don  

  • 9. ()64  

    Astandard

    Bfreedom

    Crelation

    Dreflection  

  • 10. ()65  

    Awhen

    Bwhich

    Cwhere

    Dwhat  

  • 11. ()66  

    Akind

    Bgood

    Cbad

    Dsick  

  • 12. ()67  

    Awith

    Bfor

    Con

    Dat  

  • 13. ()68  

    Aaccompanying

    Basking

    Cencouraging

    Dletting  

  • 14. ()69  

    Aforbid

    Ballow

    Cforbidding

    Dallowing  

  • 15. ()70  

    Aexcited

    Bmoved

    Cworried

    Dpleased  

  • 16. ()71  

    Aaway

    Bacross

    Cup

    Dout  

  • 17. ()72  

    Apersuading

    Bdefending

    Carguing

    Doffering  

  • 18. ()73  

    Aalthough

    Bbefore

    Cbecause

    Duntil  

  • 19. ()74  

    Adescribe

    Bcall

    Cdescribed

    Dcalled  

  • 20. ()75  

    Aresponds

    Bopposes

    Cprovides

    Dpromotes  

  • 1. Then she moved to a valley,where she sold fruits and vegetables.  
  • 2. But for some players,gaming has become an unhealthy habit.  
  • 3. He says kids often have feelings of anxiety and loneliness.  
  • 4. But private lessons were too expensive.  
  • 5. Last year,he performed in seven productions.  
  • 6. 由于下大雨,到处都出现了交通拥堵。  
  • 7. 如果不能来开会,请告诉我。  
  • 8. 我们刚才去超市了。  
  • 9. 早餐我通常吃面包和鸡蛋。  
  • 10. 外面太嘈杂了,我无法集中精力。