2021年5月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • As any parent with more than one kid knows,sibling(兄弟姐妹)relationships can be complicated,at times differing between being close friends and rivals. Sibling rivaling in particular can be a challenge to deal with in normal times, but with many families spending more time together than ever because of the worldwide pandemic(大流行病)in 2020 and online(在线的)schooling,that can create even more tension in some sibling relationships. (76)"Sibling rivalry is hard to deal with."Rebecca Kennedy says.“The first step is realizing that kids do often see siblings as rivals. It's tough to have a sibling because at the end of the day a sibling is,in some ways,competing for the scarce resource of parents' attention or love." One thing that parents can do to remove jealousy and rivalry is to help each child feel valued in his or her specialness. Janine Domingues says:“Fix some space—it's your brother's day today and tomorrow's going to be yours. That can create a healthy relationship with parents and siblings. The more attention children feel from parents,the more connected they feel to the parents and actually the more likely they'll see siblings as friends and not rivals." (77) The other is to avoid comparing siblings with each other. It's easy for some parents to try to encourage one child by comparing him or her with a sibling. But Kennedy suggests that parents should look at how much they're reinforcing competition by pitting siblings against each other. She says: "Sometimes it feels like the easier way to get a child to do something that a sibling is doing, but we are then getting them into gazing at each other as rivals again, rather than as friends.”

    1. An obvious fact with siblings is that()  

    Athey seldom see each other as friends  

    Bthey never see each other as close friends  

    Cthey always see each other as enemies  

    D they sometimes see each other as competitors  

  • 2. Which of the following statements about Paragraph 2 is TRUE?  

    AThe pandemic has made sibling relationships normal.  

    BThe pandemic has reduced the tension for siblings to do online schooling.  

    CThe pandemic has helped to make sibling relationships closer.  

    D The pandemic has increased the toughness for siblings to get along.  

  • 3. The reason for sibling rivalry is that siblings usually()  

    Acompete for parents' attention or love  

    Bendure being compared with each other  

    Clike to do something that parents are doing  

    D differ between close friends and rivals  

  • 4. The word pitting in the last paragraph probably means making someone()  

    Acreate

    Breinforce  

    Ccompete

    Dencourage  

  • 5. The passage is mainly about()  

    Asibling competition and parents' attention  

    Bsibling rivalry and the solution  

    Csibling equality and the approach  

    Dsibling closeness and family love  

  • When asked about the possibility of future pandemics,scientists say another one is coming and it's just a matter of when. In fact,there are about 1.7 million viruses(病毒)that are believed to exist in animals,and nearly half could potentially jump from animals to humans and kick off another pandemic. Finding ways to prevent that is the motivation driving a team of researchers at the University of California at Davis. They are trying to help the world's scientists determine how dangerous each virus might be by ranking its likelihood of being transmitted(传染)to humans and changing into a form that humans could easily pass to one another. The team has launched a web-based tool called SpillOver.It evaluates 32 risk factors to generate a risk score."We looked at viruses known to be transmissible from animals to humans and those that were newly discovered,"says Zoe Grange,who worked on the project as a wildlife disease scientist. By marking "high-risk"viruses, this publicly available database is intended to create a watchlist(观察名单)for scientists and policymakers. (78)Grange and her colleagues came up with the idea of a ranking tool in the spring of 2017.The Spillover database is designed so that researchers can add their own reports. They can add their virus discoveries and do their own rankings. (79) It's a tool everyone can use. Unlike other tools that evaluate the risk of a limited number of viruses, this database focuses on 887 viruses found in wildlife. SARS-CoV-2, which is the virus behind COVID-19, comes in second place for its likelihood to cause disease and spread within human populations.

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    AThe Possibility of Future Pandemics  

    BThe SpillOver Database  

    CMajor Threats to Global Health  

    DAnimals Spreading Viruses  

  • 7. According to the passage, about()viruses could possibly jump from animals to humans.
      

    A1.7million

    B850,000

    C2017

    D887  

  • 8. The phrase kick off in Paragraph 2 probably means()  

    Aavoid

    Bcontrol

    Cstart

    Dreport  

  • 9. With SpillOver,scientists can()  

    Aprevent the next pandemic  

    Bdiscover more viruses in nature  

    Cfind effective ways to fight the viruses  

    Dpay close attention to high-risk viruses  

  • 10. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    A Scientists say it's only a matter of time before another pandemic happens.  

    BResearchers can add their virus discoveries to the SpillOver database.  

    CSpillOver ranks viruses in terms of risk factors.  

    DSpillOver evaluates the risk of a limited number of viruses.  

  • Fried food is delicious, but it comes with baggage-studies have shown that it can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke(中风).Ever since air fryers(空气炸锅)came out, they have been ranked as "must-have home cooker"status,and it's been easier than ever to eat vegetables,fish and meat that taste like they've been deep fried. To learn the benefits of air frying,we spoke to some food specialists from around the country. Let's not shrink the miracle of air frying: It's having your cake and eating it too.“Air fryers are one of the best ways to get the same taste of fried foods without the unhealthiness that comes along with them,"Bansari Acharya said."It preserves the good things in the food items as it isn't exposed to hot oil.It also reduces the amount of various fats in foods,lowering the risk for heart disease.” When compared with deep frying,air frying is clearly the healthier choice.That's because deep frying involves using too much oil while air frying simply uses heat and a powerful fan to efficiently and evenly cook the food in your fryer. It requires zero oil, though some can be helpful."Since food prepared in an air fryer requires hardly any cooking oil,it has a lot less fat than traditional frying methods,"Morgyn Clairsaid."The healthiest way to air fry is to use as little oil as possible. Use just enough so your food doesn't stick." (80)The type of food you're air frying can make a difference when it comes to your health. Certain foods can turn more nutritious(有营养的)when air fried,such as potatoes,corn and beans and so on,while other foods like meat can become harmful to your health.

    11. The word baggage in Paragraph l probably means()  

    Abag

    Bpack

    Cflavor

    Dburden  

  • 12. Which of the following statements is TRUE about air fryers?  

    AAir fryers have been regarded as necessary in the kitchen.  

    BAir fryers need much more oil in cooking a vegetable.  

    CAir fryers can only be used for deep frying.  

    DAir fryers can increase fat in food.  

  • 13. The miracle of air fryers is that()  

    A they can achieve the deep fried taste with hardly any oil  

    Bthey can preserve the nutritious elements in food by using oil  

    Cthey can work more efficiently than traditional frying tools  

    Dthey can also fry cakes but the size does not shrink  

  • 14. Which of the following can be the title of this passage?  

    AAir Fryers Reducing Heart Disease  

    BDeep Frying and Air Fryers  

    CAir Fryers and Fried Food  

    DAdvantages of Air Fryers  

  • 15. According to Morgyn Clair()  

    Aair frying is healthier because it needs some special oil  

    Bair frying is the best choice because it involves using much less oil  

    Cair frying does not differ from deep frying  

    Dair frying does not provide the deep fried taste  

  • 1. Something is wrong with my phone.I must go and have it()  

    Arepair

    Brepairing

    Cto repair

    Drepaired  

  • 2. The students are busy()for the final examination right now.  

    Aprepare

    Bpreparing

    Cto prepare

    Dto be prepared  

  • 3. It was a lovely day yesterday.I wish I()at the seaside with you then.  

    Awere

    B had been

    C should be

    Dshall have been  

  • 4. They haven't finished their homework()  

    Astill

    Balso

    Cneither

    Dyet  

  • 5. Peter()sadly as he failed for the second time.  

    Asighed

    Bsigned

    Csignaled

    Dsurprised  

  • 6. Among these foreign students,()of them are from English-speaking countries.  

    Atwo third

    Btwo three

    Ctwo thirds

    Dtwo threes  

  • 7. When I first met Jenny three years ago,she()at a big company.  

    Ahas worked  

    Bwas working  

    Chad been working  

    Dhad worked  

  • 8. He is the()boy in our class.  

    Alongest

    Bhighest

    Cwidest

    Dtallest  

  • 9. Can you()the difference between these two pictures?  

    Asay

    Btalk

    Ctell

    Dspeak  

  • 10. I was shocked at the magnificent scene()lay before my eyes.  

    Awhat

    Bwhich

    Cwhere

    Dwhen  

  • 11. The police are looking()the crime.  

    Aup

    Bat

    Cin

    Dinto  

  • 12. —Must we hand in our homework today?   —()
      

    ANo,you mustn't  

    BNo,you shouldn't  

    CNo,you wouldn't  

    DNo,you needn't  

  • 13. We didn't()the weather to change so quickly.  

    Aextend  

    Bexpect  

    Cexpand  

    Dexplain  

  • 14. One of my friends()the news just now.  

    Aafforded me  

    Bafforded me of  

    Cinformed me  

    Dinformed me of  

  • 15. There is no use()on a person who has no sense of responsibility.  

    Ato rely  

    Brelying  

    Crelied  

    Drely  

  • 16. ——When did you work in that company?   ——I worked there()2009 and 2012.
      

    Afrom

    Bto

    Cbetween

    Dtill  

  • 17. Food and shelter are()for human beings.  

    Aspecial  

    Bespecial  

    Cessential  

    Dexceptional  

  • 18. Mary wouldn't have made such a stupid mistake if she() in such a hurry.  

    Ahas been  

    Bhasn't been  

    Chad been  

    Dhadn't been  

  • 19. Henry()in that factory for almost 40 years by now.  

    Ahas been working

    B had been working  

    Cworks

    Dworked  

  • 20. I suggest that you()him go out if he wants to.  

    Apromise  

    Bagree  

    Clet  

    Dallow  

  • 21. She cleans her room once a week,and it usually()her two hours to do it.  

    Aspends  

    Bworks  

    Ctakes  

    Dpasses  

  • 22. We've run()paper and ink.Please go and ask Miss Elaine to lend us some.  

    Aaway with  

    Bout of  

    Coff  

    Ddown  

  • 23. I hate those people who think they are superior()me without any reason.  

    Aat  

    Bon  

    Cto  

    Dthan  

  • 24. After living in Hong Kong for fifty years,he returned to the small town()he was born and grew up as a child.  

    Awhich

    Bthat

    Cwhere

    Dwhen  

  • 25. The moon gives()no light of its own.  

    Aoff

    Bup

    Cin

    Daway  

  • 26. The announcement says that the class meeting will be()at 7 o'clock Tuesday evening.  

    Ataken  

    Bmade  

    Cplaced  

    Dheld  

  • 27. The price of sea food is very()during the Spring Festival.  

    Aexpensive

    Bhigh

    Cvaluable

    Dworthy  

  • 28. Not until he talked to them()that he had been wrong.  

    Adid he realize

    Bhe realized

    Chas he realized

    Dhe didn't realize  

  • 29. It is because she is too young()she does not know how to deal with the situation.  

    Aso

    Bthat

    C so that

    Dtherefore  

  • 30. Alice,together with two boys,()for having broken the school rule.  

    Awas punished

    Bwere punished

    Cpunished

    Dbeing punished  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Of the two lectures, the first was by far the best one,partly because the person who delivered it had such a sweet voice.  

    Athe first  

    Bthe best  

    Cbecause  

    Dhad  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:During World War II,five million women were left lonely to take care of their homes.  

    ADuring World War II  

    Bmillion  

    Clonely  

    Dtake care of  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:No sooner had he arrived in New York when he went to see the great buildings.  

    Ahad  

    Bin  

    C when  

    Dwent to  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Collecting toy cars as a hobby become increasingly popular during the past 50 years.  

    ACollecting  

    Bas  

    Cbecome  

    Dduring  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:This is such a beautiful day that everyone around us feel like going out for a walk.  

    Asuch  

    Bthat  

    Cfeel  

    Dfor a walk  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The goods we use today aren't as well as they used to be.  

    AThe goods  

    Baren't  

    Cas well as  

    Dused to be  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:People who exercise get better sleep and often feel more energetic than those who doesn't.  

    Aexercise  

    Bbetter  

    Cthan  

    D doesn't  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Just alike each culture has a different spoken language,so each culture has a different body language.  

    Aalike  

    Bspoken  

    Cso  

    Dhas  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Parents should remember that be friends with their children is a better way to know them.  

    Ashould  

    Bbe  

    Cwith  

    Da better way  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The moment I saw him,I knew that he was an honestly gentleman.  

    AThe moment  

    Bsaw  

    Cknew  

    Dhonestly  

  • For some behaviors in animals,there is little proof for strong genetic(基因的)determination. Not only are there many environmental and historical changes in behavior patterns,  (56)  we also know that some of them are passed on from one generation to the  (57) .They are “cultural”. The term “culture”here ( 58)social traditions. One (59) of animal culture is the well-studied food-handling behavior of the group of Japanese monkeys living ( 60 ) the small,wooded island of Koshima.These monkeys ( 61 ) to live in the forests,but Japanese researchers came and started to feed them by ( 62 ) sweet potatoes on the sandy beach. Soon, the monkeys began to leave the forests and ( 63 ) the sweet potatoes on the beach.About a year  64  the feeding started,a young female monkey was ( 65 ) to wash the potatoes in a nearby river. She actively and successfully ( 66 ) the sand on them. Within the next few years, potato-washing spread ( 67)  the group, and the practice was carried ( 68 ) from the river to the sea.( 69 ) potato-washing in the sea,several other habits ( 70 ) with feeding on the sandy beach are now well established in the monkey group. The habits are passed from mothers and other group members to the babies. Japanese monkeys are not the only animals to have ( 71 ) their behaviors.In many cities and towns,European red foxes have successfully changed some of their behaviors in (72 ) to get used to their new city life over a short period of time. Obviously, this is not the ( 73 ) of the selection of genes.The same is ( 74 ) of common racoons(浣熊)in America.The course of the evolution(进化)of behavior cannot be adequately described and understood without (75 ) "culture"as an active factor. The cultural factor affects the selection of genes.

    1. ()56  

    Aso

    Bor

    Cas

    Dbu  

  • 2. ()57  

    Anext

    B past

    Clast

    Dprior  

  • 3. ()58  

    Arefers

    Btells

    Cmeans

    Doffers  

  • 4. ()59  

    Alesson

    Bpassage

    Cexample

    Dresponse  

  • 5. ()60  

    Awith

    Bon

    Cfor

    Din  

  • 6. ()61  

    Adecided

    Bused

    Crefused

    Dhoped  

  • 7. ()62  

    Asweeping

    Bplanting

    Cwatering

    Dscattering  

  • 8. ()63  

    Aeat

    Btouch

    Cdrop

    Dbuy  

  • 9. ()64  

    Aafter

    B before

    Cbecause

    Dthough  

  • 10. ()65  

    Aexpected

    Bdesigned

    Csurprised

    Dobserved  

  • 11. ()66  

    Aimpressed

    Bremoved

    Ccovered

    Dreplaced  

  • 12. ()67  

    Awith

    Bbeside

    Cthrough

    Doutside  

  • 13. ()68  

    Aout

    Bin

    Cabove

    Dat  

  • 14. ()69  

    AAbove

    BDespite

    CExcept

    DBesides  

  • 15. ()70  

    Aassociating

    Bassociated

    Cexplaining

    Dexplained  

  • 16. ()71  

    Areduced

    Bleft

    Caltered

    Dforgot  

  • 17. ()72  

    Asight

    Baddition

    Cmemory

    Dorder  

  • 18. ()73  

    Aresult

    Bmind

    Ctoo

    Dthreat  

  • 19. ()74  

    Awrong

    Btrue

    Cright

    Dfalse  

  • 20. ()75  

    Adeveloping

    Bsearching

    Cconsidering

    Dremembering  

  • 1. Sibling rivalry is hard to deal with.  
  • 2. The other is to avoid comparing siblings with each other.  
  • 3. Grange and her colleagues came up with the idea of a ranking tool in the spring of 2017.  
  • 4. It's a tool everyone can use.  
  • 5. The type of food you're air frying can make a difference when it comes to your health.  
  • 6. 通常他十二点才上床睡觉。  
  • 7. 因为这几天很忙,所以他今天不会来了。  
  • 8. 令我们惊讶的是,他今天没有来学校。  
  • 9. 她听到孩子在大声哭泣。  
  • 10. 一下火车,我就看见妈妈在车站等我。