2018年5月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • In 1866,sailors on a German ship called Paula threw a bottle with a message into waters hundreds of miles off the western coast of Australia. One hundred and thirty-one years later, (76) the bottle was found on an Australia island. It's believed to be the oldest-known message in a bottle,in terms of the amount of time that has passed between when it was written and when it was found.Before this discovery,Guinness (吉尼斯)World Records said that the oldest was 108 years old,found in Germany in 2015. Australian and German researchers worked together to check whether the note is real or not. Tonya Illman was walking on the beach in January when she spotted the old bottle."I picked it up thinking it might look nice on display in my home,”Illman says, according to an account on her husband's website.(77)The bottle was partially filled with wet sand. Shortly after, Illman's son's girlfriend poured out the contents and found a tightly rolled note covered in a piece of string. Too damp to open initially,according to the account, the group waited for it to dry and were amazed to see that it was carefully handwritten in German.“The first thing that caught my eye was the year 1866,"said Illman's husband Kym."It seemed totally unlikely to us that the note and bottle could have lasted that long." The pair reached out to the Western Australia Museum,which set out to study the document. "Extraordinary finds need extraordinary evidence to support them,so we contacted colleagues in Germany for help to find more information,"Ross Anderson,who is in charge of works of art in the museum,said in a statement. But this message is no SOS or love letter.

    1. According to Guinness World Records, the second oldest message was found()  

    Ain 2014  

    Bin 2015  

    Cin 2017  

    Din 2016  

  • 2. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    AA sailor named Paula threw the old bottle into waters in 1866.  

    BKym found the old bottle first.  

    CThis oldest message was found in Germany.  

    DThe oldest message was 131 years old.  

  • 3. From the passage,we learn that()  

    ATonya found the bottle first  

    BTonya and Kym contacted researchers in Germany for help  

    CIllman's son broke the bottle to take out what was inside  

    Dthe note was written in English  

  • 4. The word damp in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to()  

    Awet

    Bdry  

    Ccool

    Dhot  

  • 5. Which of the following is probably the best title for this passage?  

    AThe Oldest-Known Message Found in Australia  

    BThe Oldest-Known Message Found in Germany  

    CAn Extraordinary Evidence of History  

    DA Guinness Beer Bottle  

  • A handwritten note from Albert Einstein sold for more than $1.5 million at an auction(拍卖会).He gave the note to a hotel porter in Japan in 1922.Einstein was not carrying money when the porter came to his room.(78)He was unable to give a cash tip, as a guest normally would.Instead,he gave a tip on how to live life. “A calm and modest life brings more happiness than the pursuit of success combined with constant restlessness,"Einstein wrote. The note was written in German. It was written on notepaper from the Imperial Hotel in Ginza, Tokyo,where Einstein was delivering a series of lectures. He was traveling to Asia when news that he had won the Nobel Prize for Physics reached him via telegraph.Einstein was unable to attend the prize-giving ceremony in Stockholm. Gal Wiener is head of the auction house in Jerusalem, Israel, where the note was sold. He said Einstein told the hotel porter to keep the note since it "will probably be worth more than a regular tip.” Bidding(拍卖中的出价)on the note began at $2,000. It was expected to sell for no more than $8,000.But 25 minutes later,the auction house made the major sale. (79)A second Einstein note was sold at the auction. It went for more than $200,000."Where there's a will,there's a way,"the note says. The identity of the person or group that sold the notes has not been made public.Nor has that of the buyer or buyers.

    6. The word tip in Line 4,Paragraph 1 probably means()  

    Aadvice

    Btrick

    Cnews

    Dtrend  

  • 7. The note was written in()  

    AEnglish  

    BJapanese  

    CGerman  

    DFrench  

  • 8. Albert Einstein went to Japan to()  

    Avisit some friends  

    Bdo some sightseeing  

    Creceive the Nobel Prize  

    Dgive a series of lectures  

  • 9. The estimated sale value of the first note is about().  

    A$2,000

    B$8,000

    C$200,000

    D$1.5 million  

  • 10. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    AEinstein gave the porter the note instead of a tip.  

    BThe buyer of the second note was a Japanese businessman.  

    CEinstein learned that he had won the Nobel Prize during his trip to Japan.  

    DEinstein told the porter to keep the note since it might become valuable.  

  • In 1950, Helena Rubinstein was one of the richest women in the world.She started with nothing.She had no money,no education,and no one to help her. All she had were 12 jars of face cream and a lot of energy and ambition. She turned these into a multimillion-dollar cosmetics(化妆品)empire. Helena Rubinstein was born in 1870 in Krakow, Poland. She was the oldest of eight girls. Helena's mother thought that beauty was very important. She used a special skin cream that a foreign chemist made for her.Helena's mother made all of her daughters use it too. Helena's father wanted her to be a doctor.But she hated medicine and left school. Her father was very angry. Then he wanted her to get married,but she refused.In 1902,she went to Melbourne,Australia,to live with a cousin and an uncle. She took only her clothes and 12 jars of the face cream. Helena didn't speak English.She had no money and no plans. After she arrived, everyone noticed her beautiful skin. In Australia, the hot and dry weather is very bad for the skin. When she told some of the women about the face cream, they all wanted some. Helena sold them her cream and then ordered more. Helena borrowed $1,500 and opened a shop to sell the cream.(80)She worked 18 hours a day,seven days a week.She lived simply and saved all of her profits. She also learned how to make different kinds of creams and showed women how to take care of their skin. It was the first shop of this kind in the world. In less than two years,Rubinstein had paid back her loan and saved $50,000. She made more and more money every year. All this time, she thought only of work and success. A newspaper reporter named Edward Titus was in love with her. But she was not interested in him. She left Australia and went to Europe to learn more about the science of beauty.

    11. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    AHelena Rubinstein became the richest person in the world in 1950.  

    BHelena's father helped her to start her business.  

    C Helena was an energetic and ambitious person.  

    D Helena's mother supported her with valuable business ideas.  

  • 12. From the passage,we learn that()  

    AHelena had 8 sisters  

    BHelena was born in Poland  

    CHelena's mother made skin cream for her daughters  

    DHelena's father was a doctor  

  • 13. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    A Helena went to Australia to study medicine.  

    BHelena went to Australia to do business.  

    C Helena's uncle and cousin worked for her.  

    DThe weather in Australia is very bad for the skin.  

  • 14. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?  

    A Helena was a hardworking businesswoman.  

    BHelena saved all the money she made.  

    CHelena could make a variety of creams.  

    DHelena was in love with Edward Titus.  

  • 15. Which of the following is probably the best title for this passage?  

    AThe Science of Beauty

    BThe Story of Helena

    CA Story of Love

    DA Business Empire  

  • 1. ()coffee is coffee that you can prepare very quickly, for example by just adding  hot water.
      

    AImaginary  

    BInstant  

    CImpatient  

    DIntentional  

  • 2. Even if parents no longer live together,they each continue to be()for their children in the eye of the law.
      

    Areluctant  

    Btough  

    Cresponsible  

    Dmodest  

  • 3. Lucy doesn't like outdoor activities.Her only()is listening to classical music.  

    Acustom  

    Bhobby  

    Cattitude  

    Dtradition  

  • 4. The room was not tiny. Shoes, socks and books were seen()on the floor.  

    Anow and then  

    Bhere and there  

    Chand in hand  

    Dside by side  

  • 5. I can easily()him at golf.  

    Ahit

    Bstrike

    Cwin

    Dbeat  

  • 6. Janet()"Good morning!"to the teacher and then came in.  

    Asaid

    Bspoke

    Ctold

    Dtalked  

  • 7. Would you mind()James that his father is coming to see him this weekend?  

    Atell  

    Bto tell  

    Ctelling  

    Dtold  

  • 8. He does morning exercises every day()make himself strong.  

    Ain order that

    Bin order to

    Cso that

    Dsuch that  

  • 9. The girl was not happy at the new school because she had()friends there.  

    Afew  

    Ba few  

    Clittle  

    Da little  

  • 10. Beijing,as the capital of()People's Republic of China,enjoys()diverse  range of people and cultures.
      

    Athe;the

    Ba;a

    Cthe;a

    Da;the  

  • 11. The train starts()6:20,so you'd better get there before 6.  

    Aon  

    Bat  

    Cin  

    Dof  

  • 12. In the past we had only a day off for the whole week: we work every day()Sunday.  

    Abesides

    Bbeside

    Cexcept

    Don top of  

  • 13. The top of that mountain is always covered()snow.  

    Aof

    Bby

    Cwith

    Don  

  • 14. Written in great haste,()  

    AJim made a lot of mistakes in the report  

    Bthere are plenty of mistakes in the report  

    Cwe found several mistakes in the report  

    Dthe report is full of mistakes  

  • 15. She is more beautiful than()in the class .  

    Aany girl  

    B any other girl  

    C all the girls  

    D any girls  

  • 16. Please don't come here today.I would rather you()tomorrow.  

    Acame  

    Bwill come  

    Ccome  

    Dare coming  

  • 17. Tom and John seldom go to the library in the evening,()?  

    Ado they  

    Bdon't they  

    Care they  

    Daren't they  

  • 18. It was in this room()they had a meeting yesterday.  

    Awhich  

    Bthere  

    Cthat  

    Dwhere  

  • 19. Though Thomas is very busy,he()one evening a week to play with his kids.  

    Asets aside  

    Bgoes after  

    Csees through  

    Dmakes out  

  • 20. ()and you will make it next time.  

    AWork hard

    BTo work hard

    CWorking hard

    DWorked hard  

  • 21. An old man got badly()in the road accident yesterday.  

    Ainjure  

    Bto injure  

    Cinjured  

    Dinjuring  

  • 22. Now I()to work by bike instead of by car as there are too many cars on the road in rush hours

    Ago  

    Bwent  

    Cam going  

    Dwas going  

  • 23. The number of primary schools in the rural areas()doubling in the past 50 years.  

    Aare  

    Bis  

    Chave been  

    Dhas been  

  • 24. ()it is very late now,there searchers are still working in the lab.  

    AAs  

    BWhen  

    CIf  

    DAlthough  

  • 25. David left()raincoat in the room and went out.  

    Ahis  

    Bhim  

    Ctheirs  

    Dthem  

  • 26. This is by far()of the games I have ever watched.  

    Athe exciting

    Bthe more exciting

    Cthe most exciting

    Das exciting  

  • 27. She()her finger to her lips as a sign for silence.  

    Arose  

    Braised  

    Celevated  

    Darose  

  • 28. These facts()show that he's not to be trusted.  

    Asingle  

    Bsole  

    Calone  

    Dlonely  

  • 29. Generally, snakes won't attack humans()they are threatened with danger.  

    Aif  

    Bsince  

    Cunless  

    Dwhile  

  • 30. The key()success is hard work and persistence.  

    Aon

    Bto

    C for

    Dof  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Do you know the old English saying that a apple a day keeps the doctor away?  

    ADo you know  

    Bthat  

    Ca apple  

    Dkeeps  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The harder he worked,the most troubles he had in his early days as a scientist.  

    Aworked  

    Bthe most  

    Che had  

    Das a scientist  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Dr.Bell gave some lectures,visited the Great Wall and going shopping downtown in Beijing.  

    Agave  

    Bvisited  

    Cand going  

    Din Beijing  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The first man swim across the river will receive a prize.  

    Afirst  

    Bswim  

    Cthe  

    Da prize  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:In the morning I got on the train,which arrived Shanghai at night.  

    A In  

    Bgot on  

    Carrived  

    Dat night  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Henry is not used to live in a noisy and crowded community though he grew up in New York.  

    Alive  

    Bcrowded  

    Cthough  

    Dgrew up  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:If you had studied the problem carefully yesterday, you won't have any difficulty now.  

    Ahad studied  

    Byesterday  

    Cwon't have  

    Dnow  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Hardly they had got to the bus stop when the bus suddenly pulled away.  

    Athey had  

    Bto  

    Cwhen  

    Dpulled away  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The mountain was really very high,but I tried hardly to climb it.  

    Awas  

    Bhigh  

    Cbut  

    Dtried hardly  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The reason I didn't attend the lecture was simply because I caught a bad cold that day.  

    AThe reason  

    Bdidn't attend  

    Cbecause  

    D thirsty  

  • During a trip to observe wild animals in Africa,I encountered the least brave animal on earth,the wildebeest(角马).I sat on a riverbank for three hours watching a group of thousands build  (56)the courage to drink water. More than a million wildebeests(57)northward into the wetlands. It is a long, dry and difficult journey.Frequently,the only available water is the Grumeti River,(58)represents both life and death. Unlike some creatures that can take moisture (59)the grass they eat,wildebeests must drink from the river to live.The river supports other wildlife,including(60) that kill and eat other animals.Though thirsty(61)traveling,the wildebeests stand back from the water,sensing possible danger. Moving slowly toward the bank can(62)hours, as an individual wildebeest steps forward,steps back and then carefully steps forward again. More wildebeests gather together and advance,gradually pushing the leaders to the river,(63) they want to go or not. It's been a long time(64)they drink last time, and you feel their anxiety for water. Lions are possibly on the(65) , saving energy as they wait for an opportunity for lunch. Once the large group moves to the river,lions could (66),making the group running in a wild and uncontrolled(67).The mad rush would raise a dust cloud that blocks the(68)of the wildebeests nearby. A kill is almost guaranteed. Sitting on that riverbank, I noticed that a young wildebeest finally stepped ahead and drank while the (69)adults held back. Soon, others began drinking.But (70) lining up along the bank,taking turns,they gathered and pushed.Some had to walk farther into the water than they were(71)to go.Those pushed farther in water got frightened and in (72) frightened the others. They all retreated hastily and returned to their route. Only the few that were (73)enough got a drink. The others went(74 ). There was no danger that day. Only the wildebeests' fear and(75)  of courage kept them from drinking.

    1. ()56  

    A up

    Bout

    C in

    D over  

  • 2. ()57  

    Avisit

    Btravel

    Csee

    Dswim  

  • 3. ()58  

    A that

    Bwhich

    Cwhere

    Dwhen  

  • 4. ()59  

    Aabove

    B under

    Cfrom

    Dover  

  • 5. ()60  

    Athis

    Bthose

    Cthat

    Dthem  

  • 6. ()61  

    Aamong

    Babove

    C from

    Dbetween  

  • 7. ()62  

    Atake

    Bpay

    Cspend

    Dcharge  

  • 8. ()63  

    Awhen

    Bwhere

    Cwhat

    Dwhether  

  • 9. ()64  

    Abefore

    Bbecause

    Csince

    Dthough  

  • 10. ()65  

    Awatch

    Bsight

    Cshout

    Dwalk  

  • 11. ()66  

    Arescue

    Bjoin

    Cattack

    Dvisit  

  • 12. ()67  

    Asolution

    Bway

    Cmethod

    Drole  

  • 13. ()68  

    Afear

    Bshout

    Cjump

    Dview  

  • 14. ()69  

    Afearful

    Bconfident

    Cpleasant

    Dhappy  

  • 15. ()70  

    Aregardless of

    Binstead of

    Cin case of

    Din spite of  

  • 16. ()71  

    Ainteresting

    Bpleasant

    Cwilling

    Dreluctant  

  • 17. ()72  

    Ahope

    Bstory

    Cstep

    Dturn  

  • 18. ()73  

    Ashort

    Bbold

    Ckind

    Dsmall  

  • 19. ()74  

    Athirst

    Bhunger

    Cthirsty

    Dhungry  

  • 20. ()75  

    Ashow

    Bgrasp

    Clook

    Dlack  

  • 1. The bottle was found on an Australian island.  
  • 2. The bottle was partially filled with wet sand.  
  • 3. He was unable to give a cash tip,as a guest normally would.  
  • 4. A second Einstein note was also sold at the auction.  
  • 5. She worked 18 hours a day,seven days a week.  
  • 6. 法国以葡萄酒而闻名。  
  • 7. 你离开教室的时候,请把灯关上。  
  • 8. 我每天六点起床。  
  • 9. 我们刚刚吃过午饭。  
  • 10. 学生们正在打扫教室。