2017年11月成人本科学位英语统一考试

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  • In 2014, older Americans fell 29 million times, leading to 7 million injuries, according to a report published last week.About 2.8 million cases were treated in emergency departments, and approximately 800,000 seniors went on to be hospitalized. More than 27,000 falls led to death. (76)And the problem is getting more and more serious. “Older adult falls are increasing and, sadly, often indicate the end of independence," said Dr. Tom Frieden. The falls are preventable, Frieden stressed. He said individuals, families and health care providers can take steps to resist the trend. Dr. Wolf-Klein is a medical professor in New York. She said one concern is that seniors who have experienced a fall alone at home don't tell anyone. When that happens, prevention efforts don't begin and they're at risk for additional falls that lead to broken bones and brain injuries. “Elderly patients tend not to report falls to their families, or even doctors. A fall is a very frightening thing that you keep quiet about. They think if they mention it, they are afraid that they will move to a nursing home or need assistants to help out in the house,” said Wolf-Klein. It's also a status issue and may make someone feel that they're weaker than they really are,she explained.When someone does fall and hurt themselves, they're often never the same, Wolf-Klein said."You can develop chronic(慢性的)problems.After a fall,a percentage of the population will never return to walking around. People used to take the subway, now they're in a wheelchair, or they may need help going to the bathroom. They become frailer and lose independence,"she said.

    1. Which of the following is TRUE?  

    AIn 2014, older adults falls caused 7 million injuries.  

    BIn 2016,Americans fell 29 million times.  

    CLast year,2.8 million Americans had emergency treatment.  

    D Last month, more than 27,000 older Americans were hospitalized.  

  • 2. From the passage,we learn that older adult falls()  

    Aare decreasing  

    Bcan't be avoided  

    Cmust be treated in hospitals  

    D usually imply the end of independence  

  • 3. The word frailer in Paragraph 5 probably mean()  

    Alonelier  

    Bweaker  

    Csmarter  

    Dbetter  

  • 4. According to the passage,which of the following is TRUE?  

    AA fall is a very terrible thing that you keep quiet about.  

    BAfter a fall elderly people will not develop chronic problems.  

    CTo prevent falls elderly people should move to a nursing home.  

    D Elderly patients tend to tell their families about their falls.  

  • 5. What is the main idea of the passage?  

    AOlder adults falls are on the rise.  

    BPeople should keep quiet about their falls.  

    COlder adults are losing their independence.  

    DOlder adult falls cause brain injuries.  

  • Marley Dias loves nothing more than getting lost in a book. But the books she was reading at school were starting to get on her nerves.She enjoyed Where the Red Fern Grows and The Shiloh Series,but those classics,found in so many primary school classrooms, were all about white boys or dogs—or white boys and their dogs.Black girls,like Marley,were almost never the main character. What she was noticing is actually a much bigger issue: fewer than 10 percent of children's books released in 2015 had a black person as the main character, according to a yearly analysis by the Cooperative Children's Book Center.In November 2015,Marley set out to gather 1,000 books with black girls as protagonists(主角).Her campaign called“#1000BlackGirlBooks”was a big success.(77)She far exceeded her goal and collected more than 10,000 books!"Through my campaign,I want to give kids a stronger sense of identity."Marley says.(78)"The biggest thing I've learned is that kids' voices need to be heard." In the future,Dias wants to be the editor(编辑)of her own magazine. She is already making the steps toward having a successful and meaningful career. At ll, she's aware of the racism in the publishing industry. Like the television and movies, the publishing industry does not represent black girls or other people of color in positive ways. The whitewashing(漂白)in this industry extends beyond not having people of color as characters. In 2012,white men wrote 88% of the book reviews.In 2013, only about 2% of the books were about black characters. Then if there are people of color in the books, the publishers attempt to whitewash people of color on the covers. However,Dias is making it a little easier for other black girls searching for a character that is just like them. Her project is a positive step toward young black girls seeing and experiencing their lives in books. 

    6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    AMain Characters of Popular Books  

    BThe#1000BlackGirlBooks Campaign  

    CWhitewashing in the Publishing Industry  

    DFurther Reading for Kids and Teenagers  

  • 7. The phrase"get on her nerves"in Paragraph I is closet in meaning to()  

    Amake her ill  

    Bmake her excited  

    Cmake her annoyed  

    Dmake her frightened  

  • 8. Marley started the #1000BlackGiriBooks campaign because()  

    Ashe wanted to give some books to African children  

    Bshe wanted to encourage children to read more books  

    C she noticed the lack of black girls as main characters in the books  

    D she don't like the black girls described in the books she read for class  

  • 9. The original goal of the project was to collect()books.  

    A1,000  

    B2,015  

    C5,000  

    D10,000  

  • 10. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    AMarley Dias is a black girl.  

    BMarley Dias doesn't like reading.  

    CMarley Dias wants to become an editor in the future.  

    D Movies seldom represent black people in positive ways.  

  • The science behind solar(太阳的)energy is not new.But Sheridan Community Schools is the first school district in Indiana to be completely solar-powered. The district finished installing solar panels(太阳能板)for all three of its schools in 2016. Some of the panels can turn to follow the sun across the sky. Sheridan's solar push is part of a trend. In 2008, fewer than 1,000 schools used solar power. By 2014, there were 3,727 schools with solar panels in the US. This data comes from a report by the Solar Foundation,an organization that promotes the use of solar power. Roxie Brown, a program director there,says that the number of schools with solar panels has continued to rise since 2014. (79) Solar power has some obvious advantages over other energy sources. Sunlight is a renewable(可再生的)resource,which means it won't run out. Solar panels don't harm the environment. Also, sunlight is free. So by using solar power,schools can save money on energy costs over time. But switching to solar power isn't always easy. Solar panels can be expensive to install. Sheridan Community Schools had to borrow money to pay for its solar transition. (80) The panels also take up space.But for many schools,going solar is worth it. The use of solar energy can also help students learn about electricity and environmental issues. Teachers at schools that use solar power often incorporate it into their science lessons. The kids talk about it in the classroom. Then they can look at it in action. According to Brown. the educational impact of solar panels is "the most compelling reason"for schools to install them. Brown hopes the panels will give Sheridan students a global perspective.“The world is bigger than the boundaries of their school district," he says.“They're doing things to help the world as a whole.”

    11. Sheridan Community Schools consists of()schools.  

    Atwo

    Bthree

    Cfour

    Dfive  

  • 12. According to the passage,solar energy has the following benefits EXCEPT that()  

    Ait creates no pollution  

    Bit can save money  

    Csolar panels are easy to maintain  

    Dsolar energy is renewable  

  • 13. The word incorporate in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to()  

    Areach  

    Bimprove  

    Cturn  

    Dinclude  

  • 14. According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?  

    ASolar panels are very expensive to install.  

    BSheridan Community Schools is completely solar-powered.  

    CIn 2014,fewer than 1,000 schools used solar power in the U

    DMore and more schools are switching to solar power to cut costs.  

  • 15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?  

    ASolar Power

    BSchools Go Solar

    CCheap Energy Sources

    DA Global Perspective  

  • 1. Your temperature has dropped,so you()take that medicine.  

    Adon't  

    Bmustn't  

    Cneedn't  

    Dcan't  

  • 2. I know you're planning to travel this summer,but do you know()?  

    Ahow much cost it will be

    Chow much it will cost  

    Bhow much has it cost

    Dhow much will it cost  

  • 3. —Tom,is there()wrong with the car?  —Yeah,the engine refuses to start.
      

    Aanything 

    Bone thing 

    Cnothing 

    Dnone  

  • 4. I should like to rent a house, modern,comfortable and(),in a quiet place.  

    Aafter all  

    Ball over  

    Cabove all  

    Dfirst of all  

  • 5. We have always thought very()of him.  

    Ahighly

    Bwell

    Cgreatly

    Denough  

  • 6. He told his friends that he was going to Japan()  

    Aon duty  

    Bon business  

    Con board  

    Don the spot  

  • 7. It's no use()for a doctor.It's too late already.  

    Ato send  

    Bsending  

    Cby sending  

    Dhaving sent  

  • 8. He fell in love with her at fist()  

    Ascene  

    Bsight  

    Cview  

    Dlook  

  • 9. I have promised to help you and I'll()my word.  

    Ahold  

    Bfollow  

    Cstick  

    Dkeep  

  • 10. If you have high blood pressure, you should_______eating too much salty food.  

    A escape  

    B suggest  

    C avoid  

    D relax  

  • 11. During the past ten years,there have been()changes in the country.  

    Alasting  

    Bdramatic  

    Cpowerful  

    Dimaginary  

  • 12. The doctor kept him()on a life-support machine.  

    Atidy  

    Balive  

    Cgentle  

    Dproud  

  • 13. Katy can think clearly when she is not under()  

    Astraw  

    Bspace  

    Cstress  

    Dsurface  

  • 14. Last weekend lots of T-shirts were()here and the cheapest cost only one dollar.  

    Aat work  

    Bon sale  

    Cin practice  

    Dout of sight  

  • 15. Mark's coming to the meeting this afternoon,()?  

    Adoesn't he  

    Bwon't he  

    Cisn't he  

    Dshan't he  

  • 16. It was___________dark that we could hardly see the faces of each other.  

    A very  

    B quite  

    C so  

    D too  

  • 17. The car()halfway on the road,so we had to walk home.  

    Abroke up  

    Bbroke off  

    Cbroke out  

    Dbroke down  

  • 18. The bank charges 6 per cent()on all money borrowed from it.  

    Asalary

    Bpay  

    Cincome  

    Dinterest  

  • 19. It's time that we()to take care of our own house.  

    Abegin  

    Bwill begin  

    Chave begun  

    Dbegan  

  • 20. ()city do you prefer,Shanghai or London?  

    AWhat  

    BWhich  

    CWho's  

    DWhose  

  • 21. ()Hong Kong is one of()busiest seaports in the world.  

    AThe;the

    B/;/

    CThe;/

    D/;the  

  • 22. He()from college three years ago, but now he is the boss of a large business.  

    Agraduate  

    Bgraduates  

    Cgraduated  

    Dhas graduated  

  • 23. Henry waved to his sister,()was just getting off a bus.  

    Awho

    Bthat

    Cwhich

    Dwhose  

  • 24. Mr Jones enjoys()his children out for long walks.  

    Atake

    Btakes

    Cto take

    Dtaking  

  • 25. (),everything would have been all right.  

    AHe had been there

    BHere he had been  

    CBeen here he had

    DHad he been here  

  • 26. ()succeed in doing anything.  

    AOnly by working hard we can  

    BBy only working hard we can  

    COnly by working hard can we  

    DOnly we can by working hard  

  • 27. By the end of next month,you()here for three years.  

    Awill have studied

    Bstudy

    Cwill study

    Dhave studied  

  • 28. Childish()she may be,she is kind and friendly.  

    Aif  

    Balthough  

    Cas  

    Dhowever  

  • 29. He decided to devote all his time and effort()scientific investigation.  

    Ain

    Bon

    Cfrom

    Dto  

  • 30. The old man()dead in the snow the next morning.

    Afound

    Bwas found

    Cwas finding

    Dhad found  

  • 1. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Of the two students, one is named Tom and another named Fred.  

    AOf  

    Btwo students  

    Cone  

    Danother  

  • 2. 请选出句中不正确的一项:In their house there are four rooms, the largest of that is used as a drawing room.  

    Atheir  

    B there are  

    Cthe largest  

    Dthat  

  • 3. 请选出句中不正确的一项:We have come to the conclusion when this summer will be much hotter than before.  

    Ahave come  

    Bwhen  

    C will be  

    Dhotter than  

  • 4. 请选出句中不正确的一项:A news of his arrest traveled quickly among his friends.  

    AA news  

    Bhis arrest  

    Cquickly  

    Damong  

  • 5. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I couldn't help to laugh when I saw the little boy in his father's overcoat.  

    Ato laugh  

    Bwhen  

    Cin  

    Dfather's overcoat  

  • 6. 请选出句中不正确的一项:After driving for twenty miles,he suddenly realized that he has been driving in the wrong direction.  

    Adriving  

    Brealized  

    Chas been driving  

    Dthe wrong  

  • 7. 请选出句中不正确的一项:Mary,together with her classmates,are in the lobby,waiting to discuss with you the plans for the coming sports meet.  

    A together with  

    Bare  

    Cwaiting  

    Dthe coming  

  • 8. 请选出句中不正确的一项:When Uncle Tom will come back,please tell me immediately.  

    AWhen  

    Bwill come  

    C tell me  

    Dimmediately  

  • 9. 请选出句中不正确的一项:I have lived in this city thirty years ago,so I know it quite well.  

    Ain  

    Bthirty years ago  

    Cso  

    Dquite well  

  • 10. 请选出句中不正确的一项:The background music in the little cafe sounds softly and sweet to me.  

    Abackground  

    Bin  

    Csoftly  

    Dto  

  • My friend Jane once found a weasel(鼬鼠)when he was very young. As she was fond of pets,she thought she would bring him up. Of course he had to be taught: all young things have to, and this weasel knew (56) . The good lady first began with(57)some milk into her hand and(58) him drink from it. Very soon, he would not take milk(59) any other way. After his dinner, he would run to a soft blanket that was  (60)in Jane's bedroom. He slept there(61) one or two hours. This was all very well in the day, but Jane did not feel(62) in leaving him loose during the night. Thus, whenever she went to bed,she(63)the weasel up in a little cage that stood(64) by.If she(65)to wake up early,she would open the cage,and the weasel would come into her bed and go to sleep again(66) next to her.If she was already dressed when he was let(67) ,he would jump all about her,and would never once miss (68)on her hands. All his ways were pretty and gentle. He would stand(69)Jane's shoulder and give little soft pats to her chin. He would run over a whole room(70)of people at the mere sound of her voice.He was very fond of the sun and would roll about whenever it (71)on him. The little weasel was rather a thirsty animal,but he would not drink much at a(72) .Baths were quite new to him, and he could not(73)up his mind to them. Because of his dislike for baths, he suffered a good deal on(74)days.His nearest approach to bathing was a(75) cloth wrapped round him,and this evidently gave him great pleasure.

    1. ()56  

    Aanything

    Bnothing

    Csomething

    Deverything  

  • 2. ()57  

    Apulling

    Blinking

    Cpouring

    Dmoving  

  • 3. ()58  

    Aordering

    Basking

    Ctelling

    Dletting  

  • 4. ()59  

    Aon

    Bin

    C for

    Dat  

  • 5. ()60  

    Amade

    Bbuilt

    Cspread

    Dpaid  

  • 6. ()61  

    Afor

    Bon

    Cbeyond

    Dbeside  

  • 7. ()62  

    Aangry

    Bsafe

    Crisky

    Dserious  

  • 8. ()63  

    Ashut

    Bhit

    Csent

    Dwent  

  • 9. ()64  

    Ashort

    Bfar

    Clong

    Dclose  

  • 10. ()65  

    Aremembered

    Bresolved

    Chappened

    Doccurred  

  • 11. ()66  

    Alaying

    Blying

    Clay

    Dlie  

  • 12. ()67  

    Aup

    Bout

    Cdown

    Daway  

  • 13. ()68  

    Asitting

    Bsit

    Cvisiting

    Dvisit  

  • 14. ()69  

    Ain

    Bbeside

    Con

    Dunder  

  • 15. ()70  

    Adeep

    Bproud

    Cwide

    Dfull  

  • 16. ()71  

    Adropped

    Bshone

    Cfound

    Dfloated  

  • 17. ()72  

    Atime

    Bmoment

    Cminute

    Dplace  

  • 18. ()73  

    Atake

    Bdetect

    Cmake

    Ddecide  

  • 19. ()74  

    Aquiet

    Bnoisy

    Cbusy

    Dhot  

  • 20. ()75  

    Awet

    Bdry

    Cflat

    Dsharp  

  • 1. The biggest thing I've learned is that kids' voices need to be heard  
  • 2. Solar power has some obvious advantages over other energy sources.  
  • 3. The panels also take up space.  
  • 4. And the problem is getting more and more serious.  
  • 5. She far exceeded her goal and collected more than 10,000 books!  
  • 6. 我们认识有十年了。  
  • 7. 这部电影让她想起了她的童年  
  • 8. 他每天必须处理许多问题。  
  • 9. 经理不在时,这个商店由他负责。  
  • 10. 你昨天早上几点起床的?